The draft Constitution for Syria, developed by Russian specialists, provides for the establishment in the country the Republican form of government. On Sunday, January 29, said Deputy head of the main operations Directorate of the General staff of armed forces major General Stanislav Gadzhimagomedov, who headed the group of Russian military experts at the talks in Astana, transfers “Interfax”.
“It is important to note that the draft Constitution is a framework designed to outline the basic principles of a possible state structure of Syria as a sovereign state,” — said the Gadzhimagomedov.
It is envisaged that the Syrian state should be based on the principles of democracy, rule of law and equality before him, and the only source of power must be the “multinational and multi-confessional Syrian people”. According to Gadzhimagomedova, the document takes into account “as a modern democratic principles and norms of the secular state, and existing for centuries, the Syrian tradition and customs.” It is noted that the development of the document took part the representatives of the Syrian Diaspora in Russia.
On 24 January, the Russian delegation in Astana was handed over to representatives of the armed opposition and the Syrian government, a draft Constitution for the Republic. Later it was reported that the authorities have rejected several points in the Russian project. Currently, the country has a Constitution, adopted in 2012.
In Astana on 23-24 January the negotiations of the delegations of the armed opposition and the Syrian government under the mediation of Russia and Turkey. One of the major outcomes of the meeting was that representatives of the official Damascus and the opposition managed to sit at the negotiating table, although direct contact between them never took place. In addition, Moscow, Tehran and Ankara agreed to establish a tripartite mechanism for monitoring observance of the truce in Syria.