“Our Tanya crying out loud!!!”: for all generations for 100 years
111 years ago was born the poet, the poem which I read today, probably, almost in every house and every apartment.
On this day, February 17, 111 years ago (in 1906) was born Soviet writer, author of poetry for children Agniya Barto. The poet, whose verses by heart today, know today’s children and their grandparents.
Agniya Barto wrote more than a hundred collections of children’s poems, the total circulation of her books — tens of millions of copies. Many books have been reprinted several times, some four hundred times
Barto has also prepared a collection of poems “Translation of children”, where her collected poems by children’s poets around the world. Most of the works of Agnes Barto translated into dozens of languages, including Japanese.
According to some, the real name of the writer — leybovna Volova. At age 18 she married the descendant of a Scottish nobleman Paul Barto and forever left behind the name of her first husband — she was referred to as Agniya Barto.
One meeting that changed everything
A girl named Agnes was born in Moscow in the family veterinarian and dreamed of becoming a ballerina. She studied at the ballet school. But at the same time, feeling, as they say, the creative influence of Anna Akhmatova and Vladimir Mayakovsky wrote a poem. About her love for the works of Mayakovsky’s even a story: while still in ballet school, she was walking in a Park in Moscow, where sat down on a bench, on which found somebody’s forgotten a book of poems by Mayakovsky. This day was a turning point in her life — it brought her love of poetry in General, and to the genius of Mayakovsky in particular.
She so admired Mayakovsky, when you first meet with him could not even open his mouth
But the conversation about children’s poetry from Barto and Mayakovsky later still held. She began to write more and more often, although she had sometimes to listen to the not always flattering reviews of his father.
High school, where she studied once visited the people’s Commissar of education Anatoly Lunacharsky. He heard one of the girls reads a poem of his own composition, “Funeral March”. He expressed confidence that the vocation of this girls to write funny poems. Lunacharsky told her to start a professional literary work.
By the end of the school nineteen-year-old Agnes was already sure that he wants to be a poet, and it is childish. But having completed in 1924, training in ballet school, Agniya Lvovna successfully entered the ballet troupe. To build a career on the stage she failed the troupe emigrated, and the father of Agnes agreed to release her from Moscow. She entered the service in the nursery the editor of the state publishing house.
In 1925, she published her children’s poem “the Bear-the thief” and “Chinese boy Wang Li”. Following — “First of may” (1926) and “little Brother” (1928) — after which Korney Chukovsky noted her exceptional talent as a children’s poet.
Interestingly, when Korney Chukovsky read one of his early poems Agnes Barto, she stated that it was written by a five year old boy
In the 1930-ies its collections of children’s poems came out one after the other: “the Boy on the contrary” (1934), “Toys”, (1936), “the bullfinch” (1939). After the cycle of poetic miniatures for the kids “Toys” and poems “Flashlight”, “Masha” and others, Agniya Barto was one of the most famous and beloved readers of children’s poets of rhythm, the characters and stories, rhymes her poems were clear and close to millions of children and adults.
In 1937, Agniya Barto was in Spain as a delegate of the International Congress in defense of culture, and visited the besieged Madrid, as the most faithful and ardent friends of the party sent to the Soviet writers.
In the area of Valencia with her there was a curious case. On stopping at a gas station Agniya Lvovna saw the store, where among the Souvenirs and clothing sold castanets. For her, as someone who once studied dance, real Spanish castanets meant a lot.
While she was explaining to the clerk, I heard the distinctive rumble and in the sky there were planes with crosses. And the bus with Soviet writers was standing during the bombing and waited for agniyu Barto buying castanets
In the evening Alexei Tolstoy in conversation about the heat in Spain casually asked Barto, not did she is also a fan to fan during the next RAID?
The war years
During the Second world war, Agniya Barto was in evacuation in Sverdlovsk. Barto did not want a quiet life. Broke in the front Moscow is recorded on all-Union radio and rushed to the front.
During this time she worked as a journalist, spoke on the radio, went to the front to read their poems, wrote for Newspapers. In 1942, she was a correspondent of “Komsomolskaya Pravda” on the Western front.
Her poems of the war years — a collection of “Teens (1943), poem “Nikita” (1945) and others — are mostly of a journalistic character.
And in may of 1945, when all the people rejoiced and celebrated Victory agniyu Barto suffered a great grief — her 18-year-old son Garik, who was riding a Bicycle, was hit by a truck. Poetry has left the house of the poet, and she fell in itself.
“Find a man”
However, in 1947 (according to some sources in 1948) she wrote the poem “the bell” in which he described the life of orphans in an orphanage. With this poem began a major new stage in her life.
The well-known story, when the lady from Karaganda, after reading the poem, wrote the writer and told about lost during the war, daughter. Agniya Barto turned to a special Department of militia, and a few months later the girl was found. The history of family reunification published in the journal “Ogonek”. Barto then came in 70-100 emails every day with requests to meet children, brothers, sisters and other relatives. At this time she was invited to speak on radio and she decided to chance it — so on the radio “Mayak” was published transmission of “Find a man”.
In 1974, after the transfer has finished to be aired, Agniya Barto wrote that hardly gets used to the fact that the 13th of each month is now the day for her usual.
“For almost nine years, he was my special day. 13 numbers I came to the microphone in the radio Studio to tell the “Lighthouse” thousands, no, millions of people that one the mother found her son, lost little in the war, and, perhaps, at this very moment, somewhere, on the station platform or at the airport, hugs him, has long become an adult. Or tell that to a house opened the door and toward each other rushed — too now-adult brothers or sisters. There were transmission, when I could tell that connected several families, I’ve had a lull. Joy comes not on the schedule. But from the first gear to “Find a man” I felt that a lot of people who listen to “lighthouse”, a full hot standby to help each and every search, every difficult fate. The sense of community also had its own joy. And though the looking — almost nine years subdued all my thoughts, all my time, along with the latest transmission from my life left something precious,” wrote Barto.
In 1969, on the material of the stories with which she had met while working at the “Mayak”, Barto published his first book of prose, which was named “Find a person”. Later on this book was filmed receiving the prize at the international film festival in Locarno.
After the war Agnes Barto continues to write children’s poems. Out her new collections: “the first Grader”, “Funny poems”, “Poems for children”. For a collection of “Poems for children” (1949), she was awarded the State prize in 1950.
“Mulia not nervous about me!”
Agniya Barto was also the scriptwriter of the film “a foundling” (joint with Rina Green, 1939), “the elephant and the rope” (1945), “Alyosha Ptitsyn produces character” (1953), “10,000 boys” (1961), “Looking for someone” (1973).
So, in “the Foundling” is shown pre-war Moscow and tells the story that in the Soviet Union lost child to be adopted in any family. Humor, a piquant situation and acting talent — all this attracts the viewer’s attention today. In 2000 years the film was restored.
Times looking the “Foundling”, remember it forever, and things: “Mulia not nervous about me!” “Lala, this cannot be! You arrested!”, “Comrade policeman! That is it! On a completely living people bump!..” — so vivid and memorable that even if forget the true title of the painting, the “Mul,” we’ll never forget.
Interestingly, the screenplay was written by Agnia Barto and Rina Green — two neighbors in the country — girlfriends, whose husbands played chess, while his wife sat over the replicas.
By the way, “Mulia not nervous about me!” was coined specifically for Barto Faina Ranevskaya, who played a major role
The actress later recalled: “Wherever you come, all consider it their duty to say “Look here “mosenergoremont” go!”.
“Children need a whole range of feelings, giving birth to humanity”
In “Notes of the children’s poet” (1976) Agniya Barto formulated his poetic and human credo: “Children need a whole range of feelings, giving birth to humanity.” Travel to different countries pushed her mind to the richness of the inner world of a child of any nationality — proof of this was the poetry collection “the Translation of children”.
Many years Agniya Barto was the head of the Association of workers of literature and art for children, was a member of the international Andersen jury. In 1976 she was awarded an international prize. H. C. Andersen. But all her life she was shy, and the fame has not made her bolder.
Some scholars of her work have noted that maybe it was due to her shyness she had no enemies and she, unlike the few that managed to survive even in heavy Stalinist times
True, some put her in reproach, saying that she faithfully wrote short-term work, noticing that her second husband is a scientist Andrey Segleau — was known in the Union Teploenergetika, the largest specialist in steam and gas turbines and Barto was “like a stone wall”. However, her works were and are loved by millions of children and their parents worldwide.
“I love you and wrapped in paper. When you are broken — I glued,” the children’s letters with similar content often came to her. With children she was on an equal footing, though, and never missed an opportunity to teach a lesson to the Tattler, Sluts, talkers and fighters. She read a lot and their children and grandchildren (grandson, granddaughter of Vladimir and Natasha dedicated many of her poems).
But on April 1, 1981 at some point, stopped the children’s laughter and voices — children’s poet did not. Many admirers of Agnes Barto later recalled her phrase “Almost every person in life there are moments when it does more than” and noted that for the poet such moments dragged on for years. And today we can confidently say that for decades and even centuries….