Day in History: December 27

Greater Poland (Poznan) Uprising

The historical region of Poland, the Greater Poland Province, after the third partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1795, became part of Prussia. Under German rule, Poles were subjected to systematic discrimination and oppression. December 27 , 1918 in There was an armed uprising in Poznan, called Greater Poland, when armed units of the Polish Civil Guard occupied the building of the Prussian Police Presidium of Poznan. Fighting between Poles and Germans continued until February 1919, when the Entente countries signed an armistice with Germany, which extended to the territory of Greater Poland. On June 28, 1919, the Versailles Peace Treaty was signed, according to which Greater Poland was incorporated into the Polish state along with the territories conquered by the rebels.

Introduction of a unified passport system in the USSR

On December 27, 1932, a decree was signed “On the establishment of a unified passport system for the USSR Union and mandatory registration of passports.” According to the document, all Soviet citizens over the age of 16, permanently residing in cities, working settlements and working on transport and state farms, were required to have passports. At the same time, the villagers still did not have passports. Simultaneously with this document, on the same day, a resolution was issued “On the formation of the Main Directorate of the Workers’ and Peasants’ Militia under the OGPU of the USSR.” This body was created for the general management and control of the unified passport system. The day of December 27 is considered the day of the foundation of the passport (passport and visa) service.

The International Monetary Fund was founded

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) was founded on December 27, 1945. It is a specialized financial institution of the United Nations, the purpose of which is to provide short- and medium-term loans to participating states. As opposed to The World Bank, which provides loans only to poor countries, the IMF can lend to any of its member countries to cover short-term financial obligations. At the same time, the provision of a loan is usually accompanied by a list of certain conditions and recommendations. Currently, 190 countries are members of the IMF.

Day of the Rescuer of Russia

On December 27, 1990, the Decree of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR “On the formation of the Russian Rescue Corps on the rights of the State Committee of the RSFSR, as well as the formation of a unified state-public system for forecasting, preventing and eliminating the consequences of emergency situations” was signed. On January 10, 1994, the State Emergency Committee of Russia was transformed into the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (EMERCOM of Russia). Since 1995, December 27 has been the Day of the Rescuer of the Russian Federation.



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