Only a third of Russians are afraid of job loss
The threat of dismissal and unpaid leave have become less frightening to the local companies and enterprises.
The negative sentiment of employees on the labour market in may this year weakened compared to the past. To such conclusion experts of the Institute for social analysis and forecasting Ranhigs.
The results held among 1.6 thousand of Russians working survey showed that the risk of losing their jobs (subjective opinion) down 8.5%. And the possibility of delay of wages by 6.7%.
Examining the mood of Russians in the labour market, experts Ranepa revealed that in the area of actual or potential risks are significant population group.
However, about threats of job loss, involuntary care on an unpaid leave and part time work week in may this year, said a smaller number of respondents than in last may.
Senior researcher, Institute for social analysis and prediction Ranepa Dmitry Loginov has informed “news” that each year the survey is attended by representatives of the most famous professions — from unskilled workers to lawyers and managers of branches of large and medium-sized companies. Such sampling allows to obtain objective data.
The results of the survey the Russian Academy of national economy showed that the number of respondents who fear losing their jobs, has decreased over the year by 8.5% (to 33.2% in may 2017 from 41.7% in may 2016). 5.5% has fallen, the expectation of lower wages (45,9% vs. 51.4%), and 6.7% of delays in payments (38,3% vs. 45%). The potential of care on unpaid leave in may noted by 4.3% of respondents less than in the previous year (27.6% vs 31,9%).
In General, the level of risk in employment fell over the year and returned to average values in 2015.
In this case, the Ranepa, noted that “the presence of higher professional education increases the chances to avoid the risks in the sphere of employment.”
So, the survey showed that most high risk were people with secondary General education (34.9 per cent). And in a low-risk area with higher education (39%).
HR Director Open Group, member NP “labor market Experts” Galina Karpova told “Izvestia” that narrow good professionals are always in demand. The proportion of middle-level technicians do the cuts in 2014-2015, and now the demand is recovering. While line staff feel well — for example, workers in retail and blue collar.
At the same time, according to experts NP “labor market Experts”, the number of vacancies the level of a consultant, merchandiser and seller exceeds the number of applicants by 30%. The shortage of specialists of high qualification, by contrast, is noticeable in many industrial sectors.
— Lack of representatives of engineering and technical specialties may exceed 40%. Young professionals of this field can not be afraid to get laid off. As usual, feel representatives of the IT industry: many of them are hunting the Western companies, — has told Galina Karpova.
But, according to her, there is the reverse tendency: IT all changes so quickly, and if a specialist does not own the new technology and does not track any changes in the risk of job loss increases dramatically. However, now this trend is also relevant for other industries. According to experts NP “Experts of the labour market”, the demand for low-skilled workers will continue to fall, this could lead to a substantial increase in real unemployment in the next five years. In may 2017, according to Rosstat, the unemployment rate was 5.2%.
According to member OP the Russian Federation Ilya Semin, the main risk in the short term — widening gap between the quality of the education system and the needs of the labour market. Graduates come unprepared for real work, but expect high salaries.
According to Rosstat, the average wage of employees of organizations in April 2017 39253 made up of the ruble. In real terms is 2.5% higher than the figure of April last year.