Chile for & nbsp; Russian & nbsp; & mdash; exotic country. Its only & nbsp; historical period, which is more or less known in our Palestinians, is the period of the pro-Soviet President Salvador Allende and the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet that killed him.
In such cases, it is more convenient to explain the features of a particular statehood beyond the & nbsp; seven seas using & nbsp; analogies from & nbsp; Russian life. The Araucanian Indian people (self-name & nbsp; & mdash; Mapuche), living in & nbsp; most of the & nbsp; Chilean region of Araucania, can be compared with the & nbsp; highlanders of the North Caucasus, as if & nbsp; would they all speak & nbsp; nbsp; nbsp; nbsp; conditions in Chile & nbsp; & mdash; Spanish).
Historical for & nbsp; Russia the concept of “ highlanders '' unites many peoples, and & nbsp; Mapuche seems to be one people, but & nbsp; the analogy is still appropriate. The point is & nbsp; the fact that & nbsp; the Araucanians can be called a people in & nbsp; ethnic, but & nbsp; not & nbsp; in & nbsp; political sense. The language, with & nbsp; abundance of dialects, & nbsp; they really have one (mapu-dungun), but & nbsp; there are many leaders & nbsp; & mdash; Mapuche society gravitated towards the & nbsp; communal type.
In & nbsp; peacetime, their tribes were headed by elected leaders (kasiki) & nbsp; & mdash; lucidly. In the & nbsp; case of war, the tribes were enlarged, and & nbsp; the council lonko appointed the commander-in-chief & nbsp; & mdash; currents. During the & nbsp; period of struggle for & nbsp; independence, there was & nbsp; post of the head of the people & nbsp; & mdash; Mapu-Toki, but & nbsp; communications then were not & nbsp; at & nbsp; the level that all disparate communities were in the & nbsp; course of the emergence of united leaders.
No matter how & nbsp; it was, this system provided a high defense capability of Mapuche. With & nbsp; lack of basic signs of statehood, the Araucanians did not & nbsp; submitted to the most powerful state of the continent & nbsp; & mdash; the Inca empire, becoming its & nbsp; neighbors from the & nbsp; south with & nbsp; border on the & nbsp; river. Actually, the very word “ Araucani '' & nbsp; & mdash; these are 'enemies' in the & nbsp; language of the Incas (Quechua), but & nbsp; after the “ processing '' in the & nbsp; throats of the Spaniards.
Mapuche & nbsp; & mdash; the only people of South America who did not & nbsp; submitted to the Spaniards too, having withstood the & nbsp; war, which went on with varying degrees of intensity for almost 300 years. His contribution to & nbsp; Chilean history and & nbsp; socio-political thought well reflects the fate of the conquistador Pedro de & nbsp; Valdivia & nbsp; & mdash; a person for & nbsp; those places of the legendary.