Ruining people is not beer: scientists spoke about the benefits of beer
MOSCOW, 2 sen — news, Alfia Enikeeva. Russia ranks second in the world in deaths from alcohol every year from alcohol abuse die 82 thousand people. Worse things are only in the African Lesotho, where strong drinks to kill 140 of one hundred thousand people, recently said at the UN.
Often heavy drinkers people die from cardiovascular disease, cancer and accidents. However, some studies have shown that low doses of alcohol can sometimes benefit, especially if we are talking about beer.
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In 1998 Judith Gavaler, a biologist from the University of Oklahoma, decided to test the effect of alcohol on lab rats. She was watering the rodents for four weeks whisky, wine and ordinary water. As a result, in the body of females consuming alcohol, dramatically decreased the contents of luteinizing hormone, which stimulates the production of female sex hormones — estrogens. The researcher suggested that the reason phytoestrogens — substances found in plants, which is traditionally made spirits.
On the structure these connections are similar to 17 beta-estradiol, one of the main sex hormones of the female body. Therefore, phytoestrogens can activate a special protein structures on the surface of cells (receptors) and thus influence the level of sex hormones in animals.
Intrigued by the results, Gavaler were invited to participate in the study, 24 women aged from 57 to 59 years. For four weeks they daily drank a glass of wine, whiskey or beer.
It turned out that the daily consumption of alcoholic beverages affects the level of hormones associated with reproduction.
So, in the blood of the study participants decreased the content of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), responsible for the work of sexual glands, and luteinizing hormone. A week after the end of the test the blood of the volunteers returned to normal.
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Other research has shown that phytoestrogens can influence the human body like hormones. The abuse of beer among women decreased production of estrogen, resulting in a coarse voice, there is a small vegetation on the face (the so-called “Bavarian mustache”). Men all occurs absolutely on the contrary — increases the chest, and fat begins to be deposited on the body of the female type on the thighs. However, in order to have a similar effect, you have to drink really a lot of beer.
Drink a lot, the sooner we’ll die
Beer consumption in large amounts affects not only the endocrine, but also on the cardiovascular system, which beer lovers live several years less than non-drinkers. After analyzing the data 600 thousand people are consuming beer, the researchers came to the conclusion that five cups a week reduce the life span of six months, and those who drank more than 18 cups in seven days, will live on average five years less.
According to the authors, the risk of premature death and its negative effects on the body increase dramatically after a person starts to drink more than 2.5 liters of beer with four per cent in a week.
Such people are more likely to suffer from heart disease, hypertension with a fatal outcome, heart failure and aneurysm rupture of the aorta.
But Italian scientists believe that one pint (about half a liter) of beer a day has a beneficial effect on the heart. Beer has antioxidants that strengthen the cardiovascular system and beneficial to the body phosphorus, iodine, magnesium and potassium.
The positive impact on the heart of small doses of beer writing and American researchers. After analyzing the data a hundred thousand people aged 55 to 74 years, experts have found that beer drinkers are less likely to suffer from cardiac disease, but more susceptible to cancer.
The cure for all diseases
As found by biologists from the University of Oregon in the United States, xanthohumol — a substance contained in hops (one of the main ingredients in beer) is a useful in the fight against obesity, high blood pressure and diabetes. In mice, eating fatty foods and treated with this additive from xanthohumol, decreased insulin resistance — in other words, the chance of developing type II diabetes among them was smaller than in rodents left without xanthohumol. In addition, in animals suppressed sensitivity to the leptin, causing the body’s hunger. That is, before the animals were fed and refused to eat that are beneficial to their weight.
But the most unexpected useful property of beer was found by a group of British and Dutch scientists: one Cup of intoxicating drink greatly improves the ability to explain in a foreign language.
The study involved 50 Germans, recently to learn Dutch. During the test, some of them had a few Beers, the others received a placebo. Then the experiment participants had to maintain a conversation with the Dutch, which assessed the level of proficiency. Volunteers took controlled doses of alcohol, have got higher scores, especially in the category of “pronunciation”. However, the authors suggest that a greater volume of drinking beer, most likely, would give the opposite effect, so to abuse alcohol in the linguistic order is not necessary.