Who have reported success in the fight against neglected diseases
The world health organization (who) released a report, stating significant progress against neglected tropical diseases, the press service of the organization.
Neglected tropical diseases (neglected tropical diseases, NTDs, NTDS) are infectious and parasitic, often incapacitating disease that afflict primarily poor people of backward regions of Africa, Asia and Latin America. In the official list of who’s included.
food transmitted by a trematode,
filaria lymphatic (elephantiasis),
with taeniasis cysticercosis;.
American trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease),
African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness),
According to who, any of these diseases affecting bolee 1.5 billion inhabitants of the Earth, about 170 thousand of which die from them every year.
To combat neglected diseases, the Department of international development (USAID), Department for international development (DFID), the bill and Melinda gates Foundation and major pharmaceutical companies in 2012, we signed the London Declaration on ensuring the inhabitants of the tropics with the necessary treatment under the auspices of who and the elimination of 10 major NTDS or to reduce the incidence to isolated cases by 2020. According to the who report, the initiative has already produced tangible results.
In particular, in 2015, the treatment of at least one ZTB got a billion inhabitants of the Earth.
For the duration of the program, pharmaceutical companies have donated, and international organizations have taken patients about seven billion treatment courses. At 556 million people were held on the prevention of elephantiasis, more than 114 million cured of onchocerciasis. In 2016, there were only 25 cases of dracunculiasis that brings him closer to completely eradicating the only obstacle to this could be the unstable situation in southern Sudan.
The number of sleeping sickness cases has reduced from 37 per thousand in 1999 to less than 3,000 in 2015. Visceral leishmaniasis was eradicated in 82 percent of Indian, Bangladeshi 97 percent and 100 percent of the Nepalese regions.
Trachoma (the leading infectious cause of blindness in the world) has ceased to be a pressing health problem in Mexico, Morocco and Oman; in the year 2015, the treatment of this infection has got 56 million people and more than 185 thousand restore sight surgically. In the same year was virtually achieved the goal to eradicate rabies in the Americas region who recorded only 12 cases of this infection.
Who Director-General Margaret Chan at a meeting in the Geneva office of the organization on April 19 called the initiative to combat NTDS “one of the most effective global partnerships in the history of modern healthcare”. “This is a real story of wonderful progress,” agreed bill gates Foundation which has invested in the program a billion dollars.
Speaking of success, the participants acknowledged that to achieve the goals more needs to be done (one of the most important tasks of the who calls the provision in tropical regions where sanitation and drinking water). Gates has pledged to put the fight against NTDS another 335 million dollars, DFID will direct on these purposes 250 million pounds (about $ 320 million), the Belgian government will donate 25 million euros (almost $ 27 million).