Can not be offended, to laugh, or the most popular nicknames of the Russians
Almost every region of Russia bestows his natives not only names, but also nicknames. Why Pskov called Bumpkin, residents of Veliky Novgorod — dolbinina, and Permyak — salty ears?
The official scientific language such nicknames are called ekzoetnonim. If a nickname offensive, then this ethnophaulism. For example, etnofolizmom recently was the word “Negro” in relation to the Negroid, and during the great Patriotic war etnofolizmom the word “Kraut” for the Germans. Today the most famous ekzoetnonim in the Russian language are the words “Moskal” and “crest”.
Perm — the salty ears
Salt fishing in the Urals — one of the main starting from the XV century. The name got movers Perm on the Kama river jetties, Takasu? pounder on his shoulders bags with valuable goods. From their ears, constantly rubbing up on bags of salt, proclivis and blushed. On the Central street of Perm, Komsomolsky Prospekt, near the hotel “Prikamye” even a bronze oval with ears, in which anyone can put a face to immortalize themselves for posterity. In 2009, the magazine “Russian world” the object of urban design was recognized as the strangest monument of Russia.
Vyatichi (Kirov) — svetoplast and leporati
Two nicknames, but they are associated with the same historical incident: Hlynovskom carnage. It happened in 1392 (according to another version — 1418-m), when the USSR (then it was called Khlynov) was besieged by the Tatars.
Newsthe Fashion for names
To the aid of the neighbors moved the army from Great Ustyug, but the Tatars suddenly left themselves, and the Ustyug’s people came to Khlynov from the wrong side, where they waited. Besides, it was night. Vyatichi took them for the Tartars, surrounded in the ravine, later called Razderikhinskiy, and a fight ensued. While understood that to what, killed several hundred soldiers and with the other hand. So Vyatichi was nicknamed slipology.
In memory of this tragic misunderstanding Razderikhinskiy on the edge of the ravine, built a chapel in the name of Archangel Michael and established the annual celebration of “Pandemonium”, which was celebrated on the fourth Saturday after Easter. The celebration began with a memorial service for the dead, and then grew into wild fun with fisticuffs and whistling in a specially made for this day whistles. On both sides of the ill-fated ravine became the crowds, notifying the neighborhood the incredible DIN, staged a humorous battle, throwing each other balls of clay. By the way, these whistles soon degenerated into the famous Dymkovo toys, as they were produced mainly on the outskirts of Khlynov, in the village of smoke grey.
Pskov — Bumpkin
It is believed that this nickname came from the fact that near Pskov on the orders of Peter I made brackets for the construction fleet. According to another version, the word “Bumpkin” is derived from the word “miser”. So the residents of the Pskov region were called by their neighbours — Latvians, Lithuanians and Germans (skops, skupes, skeptisch). But the people of Pskov on the word is not offended. The city even installed a sculpture of the workman, holding a horseshoe. Celebrated every year on the day of the ironmonger, published the literary almanac “the Bumpkin”, there are several sports teams and souvenir shops with the same name.