The problem of concluding a peace Treaty between Russia and Japan
The peculiarity of Russia’s relations with Japan is the existence in them of the problem of concluding a peace Treaty that would include the issue of border demarcation.
The main obstacle to agreement is the extension of Japan’s unreasonable territorial claims to the southern Kuril Islands (Iturup island, Kunashir island and the Small Kuril ridge).
Kuril Islands — an archipelago of volcanic Islands on the border of the sea of Okhotsk and the Pacific ocean, between the island of Hokkaido and the Kamchatka Peninsula. Consist of two parallel ridges of the Islands — Greater and lesser Kuril Kuril. The first information about the Kuril Islands was announced by Russian Explorer Vladimir Atlasov. In 1745, a large part of the Kuril Islands was mapped.
In parallel with the development of the Kuril Islands by Russia, was the advance of the Japanese on the Northern Kurils. Reflecting the Japanese onslaught, and Russia in 1795, built a fortified military Park on the island of Urup. Back to 1804 in the Kuril Islands actually formed a duality: on the Northern Kuril Islands felt stronger Russian influence in the South of Japan. But formally, all the Kuril Islands still belonged to Russia.