Russia is divided into fourteen
To the Far East and North Caucasus of the Ministry of economy proposes to add 12 more regions.
Improved Ministry of economy “Strategy of spatial development” proposes to divide Russia into 14 regions — similar to the already established allocation of the Far East and North Caucasus. Macro-regions like the Yenisei and Baikal is suggested to form taking into account the “prevailing social and economic relations”. As it became known””, the division agrees not all, the presidential envoy in the Siberian Federal district Sergey meniailo in a letter to the government insists on creation in Siberia of a single macro-region instead of the proposed three.
Ministry of economy finalized the draft of “spatial development Strategy”. As reported to “Kommersant”, the document will be submitted to the White house in September, in November, the strategy should be approved. The aim of the strategy is “the disclosure of social-economic potential of the territories” due to the economic specialization of regions (on the previous version of the document “Kommersant” wrote on 10 July).
It is assumed assign 35-40 centres of economic growth, which in 2035 will be required to provide up to 65% of economic growth in Russia.
The strategy is to approve the composition of the 14 regions of the Russian Federation, they are not administrative-territorial units, and will reflect the prevailing socio-economic relations. Still, it was decided to allocate two macro-region is the far East and North Caucasus. In addition, it is planned to allocate 12 regions: Central, Central black earth, Northern, North-Western, southern, Volga-Kama, Volga-Ural, Ural, West-Siberian, South Siberian, Yenisey and Baikal. Macro-regions generally resemble the Federal district, but with more crushing. For example, the current Central Federal region is Central and Central black earth regions.
Siberian district is divided between three macro-region — South-Siberian, Yenisei and Baikal.
It is expected that this division will provide the best conditions for interregional cooperation.
Allocated to the regions based on neighborhood status and potential of cooperation between subjects. Each macroregion is assumed to include at least one major centre for economic growth (now in Russia there are 14 major and six large urban agglomerations, as well as four mineral center). Also, the macroregion should be the infrastructure that provides the connectivity of territories and access to international markets or transport corridors West—East, North—South.
In the new version of the document, the Ministry of economy also reflected their export expectations — an increase of nearly 30% by 2025 export of goods by all modes of transport, except pipeline. About 85% of the growth must be ensured the transportation of manufactured goods, primarily food, chemical products, wood and engineering products. Consequently, the share of manufactured goods in the total volume of export shipments is expected to grow from 39% to 50% by 2025.
The economy Ministry proposed the division into regions was not satisfied with the presidential envoy in the Siberian Federal district Sergei meniailo. As it became known””, he sent a Vice-Premier Vitaly Mutko’s proposals on adjustment of the project strategy. In his opinion, in the case of the formation in the assigned district three macro-regions “will be less interregional integration processes, increasing problems of development of Siberian regions, is broken and so fairly complex, but unified for all subjects of the district economic conditions and livelihoods”.
The right decision Sergey Menyailo considers the creation of a single Siberian macro region, which will bring together 12 of the RF subjects.
In addition, the envoy offers to complement the strategy, the mechanisms to reduce the increasing differentiation in socio-economic development of regions. His proposal Sergey Menyailo underpins the statistics: “If in 1998 the County’s GRP per capita was less than the national average by 4.9%, in 2016 — already at 22%”. Incomes in Siberia almost a quarter lower than the average Russian (with higher costs for payment of utility services and products). The project continues the envoy, “there is still bias in the system of priorities towards the development of large urban agglomerations, as proposed for the Siberian Federal district “economic growth centers” reinforce the risk of turning Siberia into a raw material appendage”.
Sergei Menyailo proposes to raise the strategy “has long overripe” the question of “rational territorial management of the rent” — in Moscow and St. Petersburg, in his opinion, is overconcentration of capital “to the detriment of proclaimed policy of balanced development of regions”.
The economy Ministry, “Kommersant” reported receiving forwarded them letters of Sergei Menyailo, adding that the issue is being considered by the office.