Forest fires come from the North-West
Due to the heat wave the fire occurs in areas where it was not long ago.
The size of the existing forest fires on the territory of Russia amounts to more than 1.9 million ha. As in the past year, mostly this summer is burning Yakutia, according to the latest data of the information system of the Federal forestry Agency, the region accounts for more than 1.4 million hectares of burnt area. However, in 2018 due to abnormal weather conditions, natural fire recorded in North-West Federal district. Experts note that major forest fires has not been in these territories for several years. According to them, due to climatic changes, fire will increasingly occur in areas where fires did not exist before.
According to the latest data of the information system of remote monitoring of forest fires (remote monitoring-FFA), the largest area of existing natural fires recorded in the far Eastern Federal district. Hardest burns Yakutia — about 1.4 million hectares, of which 1.3 million hectares on the territory covered by forest. According to official data, during the day, the area Gorynych territories increased by 25 thousand hectares. hundreds of thousands of hectares are burning in the Siberian Federal district: Krasnoyarsk Krai — 338,9 thousand ha in the Irkutsk region of 67.6 thousand hectares.
The country is now burning forest territory with an area of more than 1.9 million hectares, reported in the remote monitoring-FFA.
Experts note that in the far Eastern and Siberian Federal districts large areas of forest fires occur annually. However, in 2018, they added Northwest: according to the monitoring system, the area of active forest fires on the territory of Murmansk region by Sunday morning amounted to almost 11 thousand hectares. “this year the complex forest fire situation in Murmansk region due to abnormal weather conditions, — told “Kommersant” in the FFA.— From 17 to 31 July 2018 was set to record maximum air temperature for this period. The highest temperature in July 2018 +32.2 degrees — was recorded on 18 July”. The spread of fire throughout the region contributes not only dry weather but also a violation of the citizens of the rules of fire safety in forests, noted in the Department. In 2018, Murmansk region, about 70% of forest fires are human-caused.
In addition to abnormal weather conditions and human factor, the situation with fires in the North-Western Federal district is exacerbated, oddly enough, the perennial lack of fire in this area, says the coordinator of the fire program “Greenpeace Russia” Natalia Maximova: “These areas for many years not burn, so there is a significant accumulation Gorynych materials that also provide fertile ground for fires. Usually in the regions of the North-West fires rather quickly faded out, but due to the fact that since the beginning of may the weather is hot, burning long supported and even resumes after stewing”. According to Ms. Maksimova, such fires for this area is “quite rare”.
Most scientists increasingly frequent extreme weather events associated with climate change, but do forest fires affect these changes, the expert said, “Greenpeace Russia” Marina kanishcheva: “the Fires themselves become a significant source of greenhouse gases, so it is a vicious circle: more fires, more CO2 — more climate change — more fires.” According to Ms. Konyshevoy, due to climate changes in natural fire will occur in those areas where none had been before.
According to preliminary forecasts of the Federal forestry Agency, on the second and third decade of August exceedances, fire danger will be observed in the Eastern part of the Central and northwestern Federal districts, as well as the Western part of the Volga. Also, keep the negative precipitation anomalies in the Krasnoyarsk territory and Irkutsk region. It is also possible to increase the class of fire danger in forests of the southern regions of Western Siberia.