Marshal songs Solovyov-Gray. As the son of a janitor music praised his country
The author of hundreds of popular songs, the legendary Vasily Solovyov-Sedoi was a classic “genius self-taught”. Starting with presented to the father of the balalaika, he won the “national composer” and wrote the melody that became “a symbol of the country.”
On 25 April 1907 in the capital of the Empire St. Petersburg-born Vasily Solovyov. Omitting the “Gray-haired” his name, no one says anything.
Surprisingly, quite aristocratic surname Solovyov-Sedoy grew out of the children’s yard nicknames. Very light hair washi quickly burnt out, and at first the father jokingly called him “gray-haired”, and then yard the boys picked up the nickname “Gray.” Thus, under the kennel name will go down in history the man who wrote hundreds of popular songs.
A self-taught genius
Vasily’s father, Pavel Pavlovich, was a principal janitor Nevsky Prospekt.
Now the janitor — a profession not too highly paid, specialized knowledge does not need. And in the Russian pre — revolutionary janitor- respected and important position. He not only kept order, but acted kind of “precinct” (followed the procedure in the assigned area), and even a bit of the housing Department (controlled the state houses). So the janitor is the most important Avenue of the Empire — not a poor man, socially important.
His wife Anna worked as a maid. And in a strange way it is defined then the career path of her son. The fact that people lived on the Nevsky difficult. Main street of the capital of the vast country, residents are entirely a-list stars and the rich.
Anna worked at the singer Anastasia Vyaltseva. It was a famous artist, even nicknamed the “Russian Cinderella.” She performed the songs were sang operetta, and in General was one of the most famous and wealthy artists of his time. But the nickname “Cinderella” she got for what previously was a maid. Accordingly, a servant she is treated with respect and understanding.
13 марта1871 year Born ANASTASIA Anastasia Vyaltseva
pop singer, performer of Russian and Gypsy romances, artist of the operetta! pic.twitter.com/vlPvMnnPap
— Yulia Sapronova (@usapronova) 13 Mar 2017
Anastasia Anastasia Vyaltseva
Anna Fedorovna, in gratitude for the work of Anastasia Vyaltseva gave a gramophone and records with his records. Even in families of the average income of a gramophone could not boast of all. And little Vasya Solovyov grew up listening to songs performed by one of the best singers of the time.
Bob grew up is not just a music lover — he demonstrated, and organizational skills. First, I asked my parents to buy a balalaika. To play it by myself, and then, too, he has mastered the guitar. Peak “Amateur career” Solovyov — knocked them out of the neighbor’s kids musical trio.
The FilmMaxim Perepelitsa 7.9
The amount of talent per square meter of the yard was through the roof. For example, in his group of nightingales called the son of the laundress Sasha Borisov. Later he would become an actor, USSR people’s artist, famous not only for theatrical roles, but also work in the movie “Maksim Perepelitsa”, “In days of October”. But all this later, but in his youth Borisov played the mandolin in the ensemble Vasya Solovyov.
By the way, the house where the composer was born and raised, stands on Nevsky and to this day. It is now a grocery store and apartments. And once came from miles around to listen to a trio of teenagers who were playing right in the entrance. He was then 12 years old. Lived next door with the guys and cellist — he’s started to take the Bob to the Mariinsky, where he listened to the most popular at the time of the Opera. At the same time around already raging revolution, followed by civil war. Being a great musician Solovyov was meant in a different, new Russia.
The most difficult for many musicians step — make your hobby a real profession. Solovyov did it through perseverance. In the years of chaos after the civil war Vasily worked as a cleaner at the cinema, for which he not only paid, but was allowed to play on the old, broken piano, which during the show were pianist. Tool Solovyov mastered, too — just by hearing picked up the familiar melody, then played them all more confidently. So confident that he himself called to work and pianist and even a musician on the radio.
The pianist on the radio — the most “advanced” then the media — Soloviev was not having any professional education. At the time he graduated from labor school. But the talent was obvious — a well-known composer Alexey Bellies advises the Basil to get a musical education.
In the Leningrad Central music College Solovyov began in 1929, already having a wide experience of performances as a pianist. Then The Conservatory. He’s already known as “Basil Gray”, the irrepressible musician and aspiring composer. He writes a lot, so much so that classmates beat his name in the new nickname “FA-si-La si-do”. He is not offended, and indeed his nickname loved. “Grey” made a part of the family, and some works are right and signed: FA-si-La si-do.
The composer of the big country
FA-si-La si-do music wrote “avidly”. Already in the year of graduation he gets a prize for his “Parade” in the words of Gitovich and “Song of Leningrad” in the words of Reveneu. After 4 years in both capitals put his ballet “Taras Bulba”. And in just the thirties, he wrote several hundred pieces. His songs are performed by contemporary stars Irma Yaunzem and Leonid Utesov.
Next was war and Soloviev-Sedoy (now family man, with wife and daughter) is evacuated together with the troupe of the Maly Opera theatre. “To sit in the back” the composer is going. As a child, he quickly organizes the ensemble for performances at the front. His front-line team “Hawk” stands on the toughest parts of the front, in 1941, playing on the Rzhev direction, where heavy fighting.
The war Soloviev-Gray performed at various fronts. Subsequently, the veterans will remember how important were the concerts of frontline teams as they helped to maintain the morale of soldiers. Thus the composer continues to write songs known so far. Which is only one — “Because we are pilots” from the movie “heavenly slug”.
In 1943 Solovyov-Sedoy received the main prize of the country — Stalin. An important event in the life of the composer himself considered meeting with the poet Alexei Fatyanova. Together they wrote more than 40 songs that have become beloved of the people.
After the war ends, it will remain a cross-cutting theme in the songs Soloviev-Sedoy. The feat of the people he sang in the legendary “Where are you now, friends-brother-soldiers…” and of course “prom Queen”. This song was written during the war, but still loved by all veterans.
Nightingales, nightingales, do not disturb the soldiers, Let the soldiers get some sleep….
Marshal Zhukov even jokingly called Soloviev-Sedov “Marshall songs.”
“A good song” as a musical symbol of the country
Of course, war is not the only theme songs Soloviev-Sedoy. He wrote the famous “a Long time we were not at home”, “Steel night light”, “get their way”.
And in 1956 wrote the song “Moscow nights”. The composer himself considered it “good”, nothing more. Imagine his surprise when “Nights” became one of the five songs selected for the documentary film about the first Spartakiad of the peoples of the USSR. The song won first prize at the world festival of youth and students in Moscow, 1957. Moreover, “Moscow nights” will become a symbol of Russia for all over the world. It was performed by many singers around the world, including French Mireille Mathieu, a piano performance of it was played by the American pianist van, I believe Cliburn, and the Englishman Kenny ball did a jazz arrangement of the piece.
In recent years, is studded with well-deserved awards (Hero of Socialist Labor, people’s artist of USSR, twice winner of the Stalin and Lenin prizes), the composer was seriously ill. But still called himself a happy man — that in the profession that in his personal life.
Vasily Solovyov, he’s Gray, he’s FA-si-La si-do died in his native Leningrad, in December 1979. His songs are known and loved by the whole country, sometimes even not remembering their author. Only daughter of the great composer Natalia didn’t hear the songs of the father. She was deaf and was a great actress, working in the Moscow theater of mimicry and gesture.