RIA Novosti/Valery Fedorov
Private companies will lose the right to issue in Russia qualified electronic signatures. This function will give the state agencies. The bill prepared in the Ministry of communications, where he explained that in this way we strive to improve the level of trust in electronic signatures. Market participants initiative scared — they claim that the change will be 15 thousand people.
The Ministry of communications has prepared amendments to the law “On electronic digital signature” and “On protection of rights of individual entrepreneurs and legal entities”. To issue a qualified electronic signature will only state agencies, accredited in this Department.
— The purpose of the changes is to increase the credibility of the qualified electronic signature, as well as set uniform standards for the provision of such services, — said the press service of the Ministry.
Now there are 442 certification authority accredited by the Ministry of communications. Among them, non — governmental organizations. A Russian citizen can obtain a qualified electronic signature in any certification center, writing a statement and showing your passport. The certificate of the electronic key is recorded on the removable media, and a person is able to sign any electronic documents.
After the adoption of the law, the owners won’t be able to create and issue qualified certificates, confirmed in a press-service.
In July last year came into force a law to tighten security requirements of the certifying centres, financial provision and insurance of their work. To meet the requirements and modernization of equipment at each centre had spent at least several million rubles.
— Last reform was in the summer of 2016, and the business just started to grow, hired people and established a job as again suddenly change the rules of the game, — the Director for strategic projects of the research Institute Internet Irina Levova. — For commercial operators qualified electronic signature is undermining confidence in the legislature.
The President certifying center of JSC “Kaluga Astral” Igor Chernin said that in Russia 90% of qualified signatures are issued by private certifying centres, and the bill will set the industry back 10 years ago.
— Now this market is highly competitive. This business allows us to provide clients with the services of a full cycle. We give as the signature, and the software that allows you to sign electronic documents and submit them to FNS, the Net, etc., — he said. — If part of the functions transferred to government agencies, people will long to try to call, and in the certifying centres will be chaos and long queues.
According to Igor Chernin, the government wants to restore order in the industry: certifying centres, four hundred and “this mass is unmanaged”.
— If the task is, you can not ban all private certification authorities, and select a dozen companies that were given the keys. Sure the first dozen issues more than 90% of certificates — said Chernin.
According to Irina Leva, certifying centers annually pay 6 billion rubles in taxes. The Ministry of communications expects that the entry into force of the bill will bring 2 billion in the budget year. Thus, there is a deficit of 4 billion. in addition, jobs will lose 15 million people, she says.
In the Russian law “On electronic signature” refers to the three types. Simple — it is, for example, a username and password. Enhanced allows you to identify the person who signed the document, and determine whether the document after signing. Qualified electronic signature has a high degree of protection, certified by its electronic documents are legally equivalent to paper with “live” signature.