The U.S. Senate has declared the lynching crime
The American senators have approved a bill that recognizes lynching as a crime. This is the website of the U.S. Congress.
The document was adopted unanimously. Now it must be approved by the House of representatives before it is signed by the President. If the law passes, the penalty for a suspect in a crime without trial will face a life sentence. .
The initiators of the amendments made by three senators of African Americans. The bill proposes to consider the lynching of an “absolute form of racism in the United States.”
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The authors of the term “lynching” is usually considered two — person district judge Charles Lynch and captain William Lynch (the majority believes that the author of the term still Charles Lynch). The term refers to the period of the American revolution. .
Charles Lynch during the revolution assumed the right to detain for up to a year of loyalists who supported the British. Lynch explained that a military necessity. While Lynch was never accused of racism, which later became associated lynching. .
The number of cases of lynching black Americans began to grow in the United States in the 60-ies of the XIX century, during the Civil war, after President Abraham Lincoln signed a decree freeing the slaves. The killings of blacks without trial spontaneously organized groups occurred in the States until the 60-ies of XX century. According to the American National Association for the advancement of colored people, during this period the courts of Lynch executed almost 3.5 thousand black Americans. .
From 1882 to 1986, the U.S. Congress received nearly 200 bills on the criminalization of lynching, but none of them took. .