Unemployed Russians proposed to penalize for nonpayment of dues
Unemployed citizens will have to pay for all insurance premiums to social funds — pension, compulsory medical insurance and social insurance. This is only for healthy people of working age who are not officially work anywhere.
The proposal contained in the draft law “On amendments to article 23, article 425 and article 419 of the Tax code of the Russian Federation, extending the list of payers of insurance contributions and the calculation of the rate of insurance contributions for certain categories of taxpayers”.
It was produced by a member of the Duma Committee on labor, social policy and veterans Affairs Sergei Vostretsov (document is available to “Russian newspaper”). However, this idea has its opponents.
Today’s prevailing norms, for the employed contributions to the Pension Fund, mandatory medical insurance Fund and social insurance Fund paid by the employer.
Together they constitute 30 percent in a month and give the right to free health care, pension payments, payments for sickness, maternity, child care up to 1.5 years.
The employer makes monthly contributions for each employee 22 percent to the Pension Fund, 5.1% — to the compulsory medical insurance Fund and 2.9 percent to the social insurance Fund. The employee thus personal income tax, the tax to incomes of physical persons.
However, as noted by Sergei Vostretsov, about 18 million Russians of working age do not have official work. Although many are employed informally, that is, in fact, are self-employed — people who work for themselves.
“And social guarantees, stipulated by the current legislation, disabled citizens receive the full amount and have the right to receive social old age pensions,” — said the MP.
According to the chamber, only in territorial Funds of obligatory medical insurance the regions list for the non-working population from 600 to 650 billion rubles. And a social pension reaches retirement age, this category of citizens receives contributions from the working population. Sergey Vostretsovo of the Duma Committee on labor, social policy and veterans Affairs
“In this case, being of working age, unemployed citizens do not participate in the financing of the PAYG pension system.” The Deputy considers unfair this situation is.
And offers citizens self-pay insurance premiums to the Pension Fund, mandatory medical insurance Fund and social insurance Fund. Contributions can be calculated from the minimum wage (SMIC). According to preliminary estimates, this year can bring in the funds more than 734 billion rubles. However, this obligation will not apply to recipients of unemployment benefits, social pensions and old-age pensions and to persons who are dependents. Under the latter category are the disabled, minors, trainees and students.
Sergey Vostretsov emphasizes that the proposed changes in no way limit the constitutional rights of citizens to receive old-age pensions and free medical care.
And if the person will make payments, followed by penalties, as in tax evasion.Sergey Vostretsovo of the state Duma Committee on labor, social policy and Affairs of veteranownedself-employed show the way “out of the shadows”
But if people will feel that the new tax burden is not feasible for him and he lives in Moscow, Moscow region and the Kaluga region or Tatarstan, he can go into the category of self-employed. Next year in these regions will undergo a 10-year experiment on the introduction of a tax on professional income (the relevant law the state Duma adopted in mid-November). Recall that the new regime will be able to move the citizens, whose income does not exceed 2.4 million rubles a year. They should not be employer and employees, but can receive income from the use of the property. If self-employed selling goods or services to individuals, tax rate for them will amount to 4 percent of annual income. In that case, if the consumer will act as an individual entrepreneur or a legal entity, that 6 per cent. In this experiment participants are exempt from the 13 percent tax on personal income. But the participation in the experiment voluntary. As Sergey Vostretsov, without statutory liability this experiment is unlikely to be successful.
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“No one volunteered to register as self-employed will not. Only if the taxpayer will be assigned a corresponding obligation. If you’re a taxpayer, you define who you are — officially working, looking for work at the exchange, dependent, having official recognition of this status, self-employed or unemployed nowhere citizen. And after verifying their status, one way or another to pay the necessary contributions,” adds Vostretsov.
This idea is not supported by the rector of Academy of labor and social relations Alexander Safonov. He believes that currently the government has established a sufficient base for the formation of budget revenues by increasing VAT.