Why share food
According to the UN, the world discarded 1.3 billion tons of food every day — due to improper storage, transportation, lack of processing and so on. In 2015 in Russia, only potatoes are missing more than 2.3 million tonnes, the report of Rosstat. Russian legislation stipulates that products that have was over the expiration date, must be disposed of or destroyed, but most importantly, that they were not on the shelves.
The movement of foddering believe this approach criminal, offering cafes, restaurants and supermarkets to pay the written-off products to people who need them most. Self-publishing has tried to understand how foddering and whether he has a future in Russia.
The phenomenon of foddering originated seven years ago in Germany: its ideologues tried to draw attention to the problem of overconsumption. They have created a platform through which to share and sharing food, and then to cooperate with enterprises.
It was a response to the adopted in the field of catering tradition to write off products before their real expire shelf life.
For example, in Moscow at a large international network of confectionery products often throw in two days, told the samizdat former chef of the pastry shop of the hotel. The expiry dates on standard CPS allows you to store cakes, pastries and rolls up to 72 hours, and flour products — up to six months, depending on the composition. But the hotel is subject to the HACCP control system, which originally came up with food for astronauts and brought much more stringent requirements.
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Russian legislation stipulates that expired products should be disposed of or destroyed. That is, products will not be sold at the counter, they will not be used to make any side dishes for resale — they are removed from the commodity-money turnover. There is a loophole for organizations that want to give unsold food activists. The representative of the Foodsharing Russia Anna Uspenskaya explains that an organization can give away products with expired shelf life according to the oral agreement. Some of the products falling in the hands of activists, are still suitable even for sale at the time of transfer, for example, the items whose deadline is the next day, or the pastries, which according to the standards suitable about three days.
In this case, the assumption says, you can make the donation, but it would entail financial losses for the organization — she will not be able to recover VAT on unsold goods: free transfer too is considered the implementation. If organizations want to cooperate with enthusiasts foddering, but I’m afraid of poisoning, activists are trying to engage in constructive dialogue.
Of course, we explain that taking responsibility for checking deliveries, for training of volunteers and explain to the recipients. To assure with the help of documents exclusion of liability is not possible. Therefore, if such a conviction in words, they are not convinced and fears are, we can’t continue to operate.Anna Useencryptedprotocol Foodsharing Russia the CULTURE of OVERCONSUMPTION IN the MODERN CONTEXT
In Russia the attitude to food and its storage dual. A study of the scientific laboratory of the HSE has shown that people (21-72 years) often throw out food. They do this mainly because of calculation errors due to impulse buying, and also due to the irregular schedule of work or life. While they do not leave a feeling of guilt because of the collective trauma of their parents, mindful of the military hunger and food shortages in the Soviet Union. Some people try not to throw products for religious reasons or feel remorse “for starving children in Africa”.
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Nevertheless, people continue to buy unnecessary products — in small and in big cities. In regional centres, some activists are trying to establish foddering: they exchanged products among themselves. But most of the community die, the assumption says: “we have been approached By activists from different cities: Smolensk, Yekaterinburg, Novosibirsk, Sochi, Izhevsk, Rybinsk and a dozen others. We send all detailed instructions — training manual with basic rules for volunteers, coordinators, organizers, flyers and leaflets. Some activists have gone after the first conversation and the feedback was no more, other after some time came back with questions. The pair of them got to agree with one or two cafes. But, unfortunately, the example of successfully established foddering, where it would be established a constant collaboration with at least one organization, no.”
In an interview with self-published regional activists talked about the fact that the development of the movement hampered by the lack of locals have the habit of public charity.
I think that affects the psychological factor. Shyness. Not used people to get something for nothing. When the band appeared first posts, often taking offered money or chocolates. Had to explain that the essence of the whole idea — to get or give the gift of food, and not to exchange them for something. And embarrassed not only take, but give. Someone really easy to throw in the trash the food than to bother with negotiations and meetings with unknown people.Angelagenheter community in Lida (Belarus)
If you compare with Europe, adds the assumption that the percentage in households of the Russian people lost less products. You can say that respect to the products largely of course for most Russians.
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“In the XX century the potential of the gastronomic culture directly was used by the Soviet power through the practice of hunger and scarcity. This created limited access to food, depending on the value of the individual to the government. A traumatic experience of hunger and shortages, experienced by many generations of Soviet people, still has its consequences,” — said in the study, associate Professor of Department of applied political science of Higher school of Economics Irina Sohanya.
Foddering does not develop because often little cafes and shops “at the house” I know nothing about the concept of movement and seek to maximize profits. “Sometimes, from members of the group, we learned that the products gave a strong charge, or “delinquency.” In General, everything was on the conscience of businesses, and blame us [the community], though we have no relation” — shares his experience curator community in Krasnodar Yana Wahneta.
According to her, new members are always detailed briefing and get acquainted with the rules, whether commercial enterprises or volunteers. However, cafés and shops often ignored stories about the philosophy of foddering and perceived it as a service for the removal of spoiled food, so the activists in the regions they almost do not cooperate.
Anna Uspenskaya explains that foddering in the framework of the “people to people” there are in Europe, but its share is negligible in comparison with the share of organizations in the movement. One of the few companies in Russia that openly collaborates with foddering movement, it is the bakery “Bread.” The representative of the network Alexey Panov says that they were able to establish dialogue with donors, observing a number of rules:
Every morning we start with fresh bread and pastries. The evening offered guests a 30% discount, and by the end of the day, in every cafe come volunteers charities that pick up unsold bread and pastries. We will only provide the products which has not expired and it does not require a storage temperature. We require all charitable partners to distribute goods strictly within their expiry date.
In the list of products that can be legally written off, are ten types of breads, pastries, four types of croissants and bread-snails. If charged for products in the “Bread” come to ordinary people, then they are asked to contact the charity partner of the bakery.
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Other organizations prefer to remain anonymous or refuse to cooperate. “The food industry is simply no way for a safe and loss-free official registration. The larger the business the higher the risks. For them this is of no use, except for moral satisfaction. Indeed, in terms of informal transfers, this project could not be used for publicity,” explains Anna Uspenskaya.
In large supermarkets there is a risk of theft, and therefore charged products easier to recycle — that is, just throw it in the trash. If ordinary employees will know that all unsold is given for free, they themselves will pick up the products, says the assumption. In the best case — for personal use only, and at worst for resale. Employees of the supermarkets will reduce sales in the store, so remnants of had more. In small organizations, less staff, less staff turnover, easier to keep everything under control. That is why in small companies employees are often allowed to take part of the charged products themselves, but in large supermarkets — no.