Occupation American. A hundred years ago, the U.S. army invaded Russia
MOSCOW, August 15 — RIA Novosti, Andrei Kots. Eight expeditionary force, in support of the White movement and the most serious — exactly 100 years ago on August 15, 1918, the USA and Soviet Russia broke off diplomatic relations after what the Americans landed in Vladivostok. This marked the beginning of full-scale intervention of the Entente in Russia, accompanied by atrocities and looting.
About what kind of memory left behind by the US forces in the far East — in the material RIA Novosti.
“The nation does not exist”
Immediately after the October revolution, Soviet Russia concluded with Germany, the armistice on the Eastern front and actually came out of the war. The Entente took it literally in bayonets. Under the pretext of inadmissibility of the seizure of power in the former Empire of the “German party” the Western powers were preparing for the invasion of Russia, already enveloped in Civil war.
In December 1917, the United States, Britain, France and their allies held a conference at which the decision was made on the delimitation of areas of interest on the territory of the former Russian Empire and the establishment of contacts with national democratic governments.
In other words, the “Western partners” had planned to divide the largest country on the planet among themselves, and to help them in this were representatives of the White movement. Liaison with the invaders established before the invasion.
In the French sphere of influence has included Ukraine, Bessarabia and the Crimea. England reserved the right to “Cossack and Caucasus region” in Armenia, Georgia and Kurdistan. USA, in the early years of the Soviet government to remain neutral, agreed in the end to help Britain and France in the “development” of the Russian far East. The Americans wanted to kill two birds with one stone — to access the rich resources of the Far East and to prevent a foothold there in Japan, too, who has been following the “counting your chickens”.
Possible resistance in the Russian didn’t count. Republican Senator from the state of Washington miles Poindexter, calling for intervention, directly said: “Russia has become just a geographical concept, and nothing more she never would. Its strength of cohesion, organization, and recovery is gone forever. The nation does not exist…” For the invasion and urged the U.S. Ambassador to Russia David Francis: “I insist on the need to take control of Vladivostok, and the Murmansk and Arkhangelsk to give Britain and France.”
Already on August 3, 1918 United States war Department gives the order to General William graves about sending in Vladivostok, 27th and 31st infantry regiments, as well as volunteers from the 13th and 62nd regiments. Just in the middle of the month the Americans landed in the far East about eight thousand troops. In the expeditionary force were also Canadians, Italians and British. Formally, the contingent was to provide safe passage of the Czechoslovak corps from the depths of Russia. Actually dominated by more materialistic aspirations.
The invaders were protected on the territory of Russia the interests of their capital. Gold mines, timber, coal — all that they had plans. I am convinced that the Civil war in the country was such a long and bloody only because of the intervention of foreign powers. If not for the Czechoslovak Legion and the invaders, she would have ended without bloodshed already in 1918. the Leaders of the White movement provided American, English, French, Japanese concession, promised to pay the king’s debts. In fact, they gave outsiders control over the territory.Boris Olivary historian
The American invaders have used “invitation” to the fullest. They were taken from the Far East, forest, furs, gold. The American company received permission from the government of Kolchak to trade in exchange for loans, “city Bank” and “Guaranty trust”. Only one company was sent from Vladivostok to USA 15,7 thousand pounds of wool, 20.5 thousand sheepskins, 10.2 thousand large dry skins. Exported everything that represented though any value.
News“to Kill the sleeping, throw grenades, shoot”
With the local population, allied to the red partisans, does not stand on ceremony. In the Russian state historical archive of the Far East remained “Acts of the tortured and shot peasants in Olginsky County in 1918-1920”. Here is an excerpt from the document: “Capturing peasants I. gonevchuka, S. Gorshkova, P. Oparin and Z. Murashko Americans buried them alive for liaison with local guerrillas. And with the wife of a partisan E. Boychuk dealt in the following manner: the body stabbed with bayonets and drowned in a cesspit. Peasant Bochkareva unrecognizably mutilated with bayonets and knives: nose, lips, ears were cut, broken jaw, face and eyes pricked with bayonets, the whole body is indented. Article from Sviyagino same brutal way he was tortured partisans N. The butchers, who, according to an eyewitness, first cut off the ears, then nose, hands, legs, live porubit to pieces.”
Historian Fyodor Nesterov in the book “times” wrote: “the Supporters of the Soviets everywhere was getting the bayonet overseas “liberators of Russia” stabbed, cut, shot parties, hung, drowned in the Amur, was taken to the torture room “trains of death”, starved in concentration camps”. According to him, many farmers, initially did not support the Soviet regime, eventually rebelled against the “guests” and defected to the partisans.
Resistance to the invaders spread. Entered the history of the battle near Romanovka village near Vladivostok on 25 June 1919: the Bolshevik troops under the command of James Trapezina attacked positions of the US army and have destroyed more than twenty enemy soldiers.
News“the Wild Cossack”, the defender of Negroes
After the defeat of Kolchak’s troops, foreign intervention in Russia has lost its meaning. In 19 months of stay in the country of American troops in the far East had lost in killed nearly 200 soldiers and officers. Latest overseas soldier went home April 1, 1920.
It is worth noting that even after the Civil war and the recognition of the USSR by the Americans and most of the European powers in bloody campaign in Russia, none of the Western politicians did not condemn. Two-faced attitude to the occupation of the territories of a sovereign state exhaustively described by Winston Churchill in his four-volume work “the World crisis”.