Operation “Antiterror”: what could help the prevention of terrorism “Winter cherry”?
The Federal government forced officials to analyze security at public facilities, offices are not in a hurry to test them, and nobody is responsible for this.
A fire in a shopping centre in Кемерово4 adressleiste reached the head of the Kemerovo MOE11фотографий11фотографий11фотографий
The fire in the “Winter cherry”, which claimed the lives of 64 people who showed Russian reality in all its glory: from negligence ordinary people to the total corruption of business and political elite of the region. So, if each in his place faithfully performed the work entrusted to him, the terrible tragedy could have been avoided. For example, Russia has a Federal program to combat terrorism, according to which make up the safety passport “places of mass stay of people”.
Of the Federal law “On countering terrorism” that “in places of mass stay of people” are objects of public use, which can accommodate more than 50 people. Since the inclusion of the object in a special list is given a little more than four months on the preparation of passport: it covers all the flaws of the system, recommendations, and the owner is obliged to bring all into compliance with the safety rules. But this ideal — in practice, documents can be agreed upon for several years, the fee may not be collected, and the responsibility for it no one will suffer.
By the way, TTS “Winter cherry” just the same, fall into a special list of the Federal law “On combating terrorism”, in addition to the other 78 sites (data for the end of November 2017).
Every year, the Federal budget spends more than 80 million rubles in countering terrorism. By the same law, the money allocated to prevention (identification and subsequent elimination of reasons and conditions contributing to terrorist attacks), fighting (suppression, disclosure and investigation of terrorist attacks), and also on liquidation of consequences of manifestations of the plague of the XXI century.
Further, the law stipulates the functions of each in a huge chain of posts: the President determines the main directions of state policy and the competence of its controlled agencies of the Federal government, the government shall develop and implement measures for the prevention of terrorism establishes binding requirements to antiterrorist protection of objects; bodies of state power of constituent entities and local authorities work within the powers.
For example, to monitor the implementation of all requirements to antiterrorist protection — powers of local authorities. They should make a list of places of mass stay of people. Next, run the procedure, strictly regulated by government decree: 30 days upon the establishment of the Commission, the same on inspection of the object, 30 days to create safety data sheets, 30 days on its approval. Total: four months in the large test object for safety.
In the safety data sheet attention is paid to every detail: itineraries autopatrols of the police considering unlawful actions (talking about the bombings and arson). And, of course, the condition of the cameras of video surveillance system, their location, stability, fire alarm system, the locations of primary fire extinguishing means, the characteristics of warning systems, evacuation routes and more.
To sign a document to the representatives of the regional offices of the interior Ministry, the emergencies Ministry, the FSB, Regardie. The results of the survey the owner of a building required to correct all violations. It looks like the perfect option, which, as is now clear, in the regions not achievable.
It doesn’t work
An example of how local officials are Federal installations — TTS “Winter cherry”.
In a press-service of administration of Kemerovo in a week “the Storm” and couldn’t answer was about whether the Commission was the conduct of the survey and what conclusions were made. It is possible that the process was delayed at one stage. As they say representatives of the companies, preparing safety data sheets, from the inclusion of the object in the list to the agreed document may take a few years, instead of the prescribed four months.
“The authorities sent a notice to the property owner, and he does not understand what it is. Approval much time takes. Problems at this stage there almost always. We have objects that in two years we don’t agree on. Previously with the FSB always had some problems, but now they react faster. Now most of the problems with Asgardia — does more harm than good”, — said the interlocutor of “Storm”.
At the end of November 2017 in Kemerovo there were 79 sites included in the list: shopping centres, social services centres, cafes, supermarkets, markets, multi-purpose centres. Such lists compiled in all subjects of the Russian Federation, however, find their exact number is practically impossible, as, indeed, and the results of their surveys. Since we are talking about anti-terrorism measures, and the documents are almost the secrecy. This process cannot be brought under public control, to monitor the activities of officials, it is impossible to perform one’s own security in one way or another converted into a Mall pastry shop.
May slow data sheets on commercial sites due to the fact that it paid for by the owners themselves. The market for such services cost between 35 and 50 thousand, depending on the region. Passports for state property paid for by the budget. However, the procurement of such tenders, not so much. Since the beginning of 2015 was published just 22 orders, totaling 8 645 713 rubles. In 13 cases by the customer are enterprises of Moscow zoo, universities, exhibition halls, leisure centers, sports schools, social services centres.
In addition, the funding of these works rarely include in the municipal program for the prevention of terrorism. We randomly in order to have studied a number of documents from different regions. The priorities of the drafters (at the municipality) is different everywhere, and understandably so, given the specificity of some of them.
Such activities are financed mainly from local budgets. And money, obviously, sorely lacking.
For example, in Kazan this year for prevention found a total of 180 thousand. And they leave, according to the program, in specialized seminars and courses for officials. Another five to seven million in the past few years have led to the development of the video monitoring system. However, the funding source is listed as “additional income”. We also sent a request to the mayor of Kazan, to understand how funds are allocated, how priorities. The press service promised to send the questions to experts.
In Makhachkala, on the contrary, all the money and it’s 173 million budget, but direct them primarily for organizing protection in schools, kindergartens, equipment, door frame metal detectors, CCTV systems. And all that relates to the security of buildings, their surveys usually unfunded.
No one is responsible for anything
Passport “anti-terror” across the country began to prepare three years ago, but the process is a little adjustable. Still never fixed the punishment for officials, if you break the terms prescribed in the ruling government. Unknown and what will the members of the Commission, if the signed document, which is not true.
Only in the beginning of the year, January 18, the government considered and approved amendments to the Code of administrative offences. The bill proposes to Supplement the code of administrative offences with a new article — 20.35. It will establish responsibility for violation of requirements to anti-terrorist security of objects, including places of mass stay of people. However, punishment is highly symbolic: for officials — 50 thousand rubles (or disqualification for up to three years), for legal entities — up to 500 thousand rubles. While there is a criminal article for the provision of services not meeting safety requirements. She prescribes including liability for wrongful issuance of a document saying the opposite.
According to a member of the state Duma Committee for security and combating corruption Anatoly Elected, this article could be used in matters of certification of places of mass stay of people. However, the likelihood that the departmental test will reach the object before there’s a victim, is extremely small.
To recall the tragedy in club “the Lame horse”: the fire claimed the lives of 156 people. PE occurred in 2009, nine years before the “Winter cherry”. Then the massive casualties prompted officials to organize mass testing across all clubs. To close accounts for 18% of them from the office were suspended seven employees of the Department of fire supervision on the Perm edge, including the head of regional Gospozhnadzora, his deputies and heads of departments. Of legislative initiatives, only a ban on the use of pyrotechnics in the closed premises. Nine years later will not even need fireworks: it will be enough circuit (IC calls it a probable cause of the fire) and the permissive attitude of all services in the world. Meanwhile in the state Duma do not get tired to speak about the personal responsibility of each person responsible for security.
“The focus should shift to law enforcement, the human factor. To work Institute personal responsibility: signed — has to answer. Installed the fire alarm system should meet. Conducted a review of compliance — must meet. In no other way. Institute of inevitability of punishment should work like a clock. If it is, then there is quality. If not — no matter what laws we may assume, whatever the authorities may create, it will be in vain,” — said Election.
Meanwhile, the Russians are increasingly wondering whether the Telegram block? Today, April 4 is the deadline within which the services were intended to provide the FSB encryption keys. But access to personal correspondence is a very important aspect in combating terrorism, according to Russian authorities. The rest, apparently, is not a threat, even when the attack happens is the circuit, and kills more than a planned attack.