Scientists have named a new threat for astronauts during the flight to Mars
MOSCOW, Nov 2 — RIA Novosti. A long stay in weightlessness can lead to irreversible brain damage of future marsonautes, causing the flight to Mars will require the establishment of systems of artificial gravity, say scientists in an article published in the journal NEJM.
“The system of artificial gravity will be critical for day-long space flight. If not, then the astronauts will not be able to see objects at a small distance from yourself, you lose the ability to read or carry out even the simplest experiments. In addition, their perception will be distorted, which can lead to more serious consequences,” — says the opening of the Daniel brown (Daniel Brown) from Trent University in Nottingham (UK), quoted in the Telegraph.
In recent years, physicians actively study the effects of the prolonged stay in space for a human body. Most of these studies were conducted or aboard the U.S. Shuttle or on the ISS and on-Board a number of Russian “biosatellites”.
Scientists were able to reveal a number of threats to the health of future Martian colonists or explorers deep space.
Thus, the experiments on flies-Drosophila showed that long-term life in microgravity leads to the weakening of innate immunity and makes the insect vulnerable to fungus, and also affects the readability of a number of genes. In addition, living in space accelerates the aging of bone marrow inside of which the formation of new immune cells, and prolonged bombardment of the brain by cosmic rays permanently lowers IQ.