Can we imagine what will the Earth’s climate in 100 years?

Can we imagine what will the Earth’s climate in 100 years?

Meets Svetlana Morozova, associate Professor of the Department of meteorology and climatology, Saratov state University.

Now in Berlin:



752 mm Hg. article

11 m/s

100 years for climate is a very short period of time, it is unlikely he will change much. But if we look at what happened with climate in the last 130-150 years, we will see in this segment a few different periods.

The figure above shows the period of relatively low temperatures — the so-called little ice age in Europe ended by the end of the XIX century. From this moment begins the modern global warming: two waves with a small period of stabilization between them.

The first wave of warming since the late nineteenth century in the 40-ies of XX century emerged over Maritime areas and is known as the warming of the Arctic. At this time the expedition of Papanin, the first passage of the Northern sea route during one navigation season. And almost at the same time — the Great Patriotic war, the frozen ice of lake Ladoga, severe frosts near Moscow.

The second wave, which began in the mid 70-ies of XX century, affected, on the contrary, continental areas: due to warm weather in Yakutia, melting permafrost, and in Central Russia winter rains have become the norm. Since the mid-zero years there has been some stabilization in temperature in Siberia are gradually returning to the usual local residents frost. In the European part of Russia are more often seen cold winters, at the same time rising summer temperatures, more droughts.