The Ministry of Health has developed a system of operational control and analysis of the indicator “lost years of life” in various regions of Russia and in the whole country. The system was created by the Center for Expertise and Quality Control of Medical Care of the Ministry of Health, you can get acquainted with its work here.
The authors of the system noted that the indicator “Years of Life Lost” (YLL) was developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) to assess premature deaths. “It shows the number of years lost from premature death based on the maximum projected level of life expectancy of the population by 2050, which is 92 years,” the description of the project says.
The model of the calculation of PGA, which was used in the Ministry of Health, allows you to analyze the situation by diseases and age groups, both at the level of the whole country and for each region.
In Russia , the leaders in lost years of life were the following regions:
- Chukotka — 7.76
- Chechnya — 7,18
- Nenets Autonomous District – 7,17
- Tyva — 7.16
- Orenburg region — 6.91
For reasons of premature death in Diseases of the circulatory system are leading in Russia. COVID-19 coronavirus infection in Russia was the cause of 0.3 lost years according to the methodology of the Ministry of Health.
Operstab spoke about the level of collective immunity in the regions
In July 2020, President Vladimir Putin, in a decree on Russia’s national development goals, instructed to increase life expectancy in the country to 78 years by 2030. In April 2021, he declared the preservation of the Russian people the highest national priority of the country.
In 2019, life expectancy in Russia has reached its historical maximum and amounted to 73.4 years, the Ministry of Health reported. By the end of 2020, life expectancy in Russia decreased by 1.84 years – to 71.5 years. “For the 12 months of 2020, [negative demographic trends are observed. 71.5 years [was] life expectancy (a decrease of 1.84 compared to 2019 — [then it was] 73.34 years),” the ministry said.. The Ministry of Health explained the excess mortality due to the impact of the coronavirus pandemic. The agency called COVID-19 “one of the strongest challenges for the healthcare system in the last century.”
In August 2021, the President instructed the government to ensure an increase in the population of Russia by 2025. “<...> Reaching a positive population dynamics by the end of 2024 and achieving a life expectancy of 75 years by the end of 2025,” the instruction said.