Day in History: January 9th

The Iasi Peace Treaty

On January 9, 1792, the signing of the Iasi Peace Treaty officially ended the Russian-Turkish War of 1787-1791.

The agreement signed in the city of Iasi (now the territory of Romania) secured for Russia is the entire Northern Black Sea region, including Crimea. The lands between the Southern Bug and The Dniester River, along which a new border was established.

In the Caucasus, the border along the Kuban River was restored, and the Ottoman Empire refused to claim Georgia.

Income tax introduced for the first time

The personal income tax was first introduced in the UK in 1799. The author of the idea was British Prime Minister William Pitt Jr. He proposed to charge 2 shillings for each pound of profit in favor of the state. The country was in dire need of additional funds during the Napoleonic Wars.

The tax was abolished in 1816, but in 1842 it was restored on a permanent basis.

Terrorist act in Kizlyar

On January 9, 1996, during the First Chechen War, separatists attacked the city of Kizlyar in the Republic of Dagestan, intending to eliminate the Russian helicopter base. As a result of the clash with federal forces, the Chechens gained a foothold in the local hospital and took hostages (according to various estimates, from 1.2 to 3.4 thousand people). One of the separatist commanders, Salman Raduyev, demanded that the Russian leadership withdraw troops from the territory of Chechnya and the North Caucasus.

On January 12, the separatists released the women and children, but refused to release the men. They were planned to be used as a human shield for the retreat to Chechnya. During the withdrawal, the Chechens gained a foothold in the Dagestan village of Pervomayskoye, taking new hostages, which eventually led to a bloody assault — one of the most terrible episodes during the war.

The first iPhone is presented

On January 9, 2007, Apple introduced the first-generation iPhone smartphone. Its sales began in June.

The development of the phone has been conducted since 2005 under conditions of complete secrecy. Apple has abandoned the usual designs of mobile phones, leaving only a few buttons and using a touch screen. Time magazine named the first iPhone the invention of the year.

The next iPhone, already supporting 3G, was announced in June 2008.



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