In the & nbsp; explanatory note, Chernyshov calls the collapse of the USSR the main geopolitical catastrophe of the & nbsp; XX century, “ which led to & nbsp; disintegration in & nbsp; various spheres of society, exacerbation of the economic and & nbsp; political crisis, the emergence of conflicts on & nbsp; national soil ''. Among other consequences, he & nbsp; lists the strengthening of the Union republics' aspirations for & nbsp; state and & nbsp; economic sovereignty, the growth of corruption and & nbsp; banditry and & nbsp; spread of unemployment.
According to the vice-speaker of the Duma, this day of the USSR ceased to exist in 1991) as a special date will perpetuate the memory of “a significant event in the history of the Russian state, a special milestone that should not be forgotten by all generations of Russian citizens.”“ Yes, I really did suggest such an initiative. The reason is very simple: in & nbsp; this year is 30 years since & nbsp; the day of the collapse of the great in & nbsp; its power and & nbsp; history of the state & nbsp; & mdash; the country that defeated the most terrible enemy on & nbsp; Earth & raquo;, & nbsp; & mdash; said RBC Chernyshov.
He & nbsp; noted that & nbsp; the USSR was the first to launch a man into & nbsp; space and & nbsp; created an “ incredible security system '', but & nbsp; after its collapse, many did not & nbsp; find themselves in a & nbsp; new reality, the number of crimes increased, and & nbsp; instead of one country formed & laquo; divided republics and & nbsp; a large number of ethnic conflicts.
“ Unfortunately, the story for & nbsp; us is not & nbsp; a teacher, but & nbsp; a strict supervisor who does not & nbsp; forgive unlearned lessons. We must consolidate such a serious day as the destruction of this great state in order to remember this tragedy, to carry out commemorative events: educational, educational. You can devote broadcasts to this topic, talk in words about & nbsp; events and & nbsp; necessarily about & nbsp; consequences of the collapse of this country & raquo;, & nbsp; & mdash; the Vice-Speaker of the State Duma explained his initiative.
On December 25, 1991, President of the USSR Mikhail Gorbachev resigned, and & nbsp; on & nbsp; the next day, the Council of Republics of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR adopted a declaration on the & nbsp; cessation of the existence of the Soviet Union.
In & nbsp; 2005, addressing the & nbsp; Federal Assembly, Russian President Vladimir Putin called the collapse of the USSR the largest geopolitical catastrophe of the & nbsp; XX century. In & nbsp; interview for & nbsp; film & laquo; Russia. Recent history '' in & nbsp; 2021, he & nbsp; said that & nbsp; for & nbsp; for & nbsp; the end of the Soviet Union was a tragedy and & nbsp; & nbsp; the collapse of historical Russia & raquo;: the country lost 40% of the territory, production capacity and & nbsp; population.
“; We & nbsp; turned into & nbsp; another country completely. And & nbsp; what was & nbsp; gained in & nbsp; for a thousand years, in & nbsp; was largely lost & raquo;, & nbsp; & mdash; said Putin.