VTsIOM: Gagarin topped the list of heroes of the USSR, Gorbachev turned out to be the main anti-hero
Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin turned out to be the protagonist This is stated in a study conducted by RBC together with VTsIOM.
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41 percent of respondents voted for the first man in space. According to the polling service, Russians remember Gagarin as an emotionally close iconic symbol of the era. Also, ideological questions do not usually arise to him.
Commander Georgy Zhukov is in second place in the list of heroes. 22 percent of the respondents voted for him. Joseph Stalin closes the top three with 20 percent of the vote. In the top five were Leonid Brezhnev (9 percent) and designer Sergei Korolev (8 percent).
Mikhail Gorbachev (20 percent of the vote) topped the list of Soviet antiheroes by a large margin. For Stalin, Nikita Khrushchev and Lavrenty Beria, 11 percent of those polled voted each. Boris Yeltsin and Leonid Brezhnev also caused antipathy among Russians (9 and 5 percent, respectively). It is noteworthy that 40 percent of Russians could not name a single antihero of the era.