Under the restaurant in the center of Lisbon, found an ancient Roman cemetery
Archaeologists found beneath a restaurant in the centre of Lisbon, the Roman cemetery, which was established about two thousand years ago according to the website Reuters Africa, as well as on the company’s page Neoépica, which conducts excavations.
It the researchers found 25 graves and urns with cremated remains of 35 people. In addition to the cemetery, the researchers found more recent artifacts, made in the XV—XVI centuries and remains of pottery of the prehistoric period.
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Judging by the results of archaeological excavations of the Phoenician settlement on the site of Lisbon existed 3,2 thousand years ago. During the Punic wars, after the defeat of the Carthaginian troops, the Romans turned Olisipo (the then name of Lisbon) and the area around it part of the Roman Republic. The citizens of the town received the right to self-government and was exempt from taxes. Later in the year 138, Olisipo became part of the Roman province of Lusitania. Because of the raids of the local tribe, the lusitani city had to enclose with walls. Under the Emperor Octavian Augustus, the Romans had built in Olisipo a large theater, baths and several temples. The city built multi-storey residential building (insulin), were built a forum, but under a Central square of Lisbon, praça de Figueira, was found a large necropolis that was used in I—IV centuries of ekah. The city was ruled by the Romans until the beginning of the V century, and then was conquered by barbarians — vandals, Alans and Sarmatians.
In 2016, owners of the popular restaurant “Solar dos Presuntos”, which is located in the centre of Lisbon, wanted to expand his territory. Mandatory protective archaeological work prior to construction was conducted by Neoépica. First, the company’s specialists have discovered a well-preserved artifacts of the XV—XVI centuries, cow, mainly ceramic tableware.
In the more ancient layer, at a depth of about six meters, archaeologists found the remains of a Roman cemetery, which was established about two thousand years ago.
Preserved of the burial of 25 people and urns with cremated remains of at least 35 people. Also found were burial gifts, particularly coins and pottery. The company’s employees found an even more ancient layers, apparently of prehistoric times, and remains of ceramics.