The period of the appearance of man in Europe, moved to 5 thousand years
Archaeologists from Seville University found that modern humans appeared in the South of Spain’s 44 thousand years ago. Previously, scientists believed that Homo sapiens appeared in Europe 39 thousand years ago, so the new discovery is forcing them to reconsider their views on the dispersal of modern humans. A study published in Nature.
Until recently, scientists believed that Homo sapiens, which is also called the CRO-magnon began to displace the Neanderthals in Europe about 39 thousand years ago. Archaeologists believed that in southern Spain, this process was delayed, and the Neanderthals have gone there only 32 thousand years ago. However, during recent excavations in the cave, Bajadilla researchers from the University of Seville found that 45-43 thousand years ago there lived a CRO-magnon. Such a conclusion they did, after studying the tools that were found in this cave. They belong to orinyansky archaeological culture, which is typical for modern humans. This discovery allows scientists to put forward new assumptions.
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“The discovery of such early traces orinyansky culture in the cave, which is located very close to the water, confirms the theory that modern humans spread through Europe along the coast of the Mediterranean sea. It also suggests that Homo sapiens spread across much of Eurasia more than 40 thousand years ago,” says Chris stinger from the Museum of natural history and one of the authors of the study.
According to another author, this finding also revives the theory that modern humans could spread to Europe through the Strait of Gibraltar. However, the most common theory is that which claims that CRO-magnons moved into Europe from the Middle East. It is based on the fact that the oldest traces of Homo sapiens was discovered in caves in Northern Israel.