She felt evil and wrestled with him all his life. Died Lyudmila Alexeyeva
On the evening of 8 December 2018 became aware of the death of the oldest Russian human rights activist Lyudmila Alexeyeva. “Ribbon.ru” recalls her difficult fate, deprivation and relationship with the authorities.
Lyudmila Alexeyeva is always something to reproach. The Brezhnev stagnation, the KGB warned the prominent participant of the dissident movement about the inadmissibility of “anti-Soviet activities”, under Medvedev’s eve 2010, she was arrested by riot police for participating in an unsanctioned rally on triumph square, and one and a half years ago midst a Facebook demshiza accused human rights activist honored in the “compromise” and almost in “collaboration”.
The reason for this persecution was that Lyudmila Mikhailovna happy birthday personally congratulated the President of Russia Vladimir Putin.
It hardly makes sense to recite a biography Alexeyeva — enough to read at least an article about it in Wikipedia. Take a young, poisoned the Great terror of 1937-1938 and the disasters of the great war. A young girl during the war she worked on the construction of the metro station “Stalinist” (now — “Semenovskaya”), dragged the heavy trolley in the tunnels. Whoever would have thought that after 67 years it was in the metro some bastard dared to hit her, 82-year-old woman in the face when she, along with Boris Nemtsov laid flowers in memory of the victims of the terrorist attack on the station “culture Park”.
Ludmila was a principled man, but never devolved into indoctrination.
Struggle for the fate of specific people (take the victims of the “Bolotnaya case”) for her was always more important than any abstract ideas and theories, and in the last years of her life, often hunted the so-called “own” meaningless “sofa experts”, always consider it necessary something to say in social networks. But Alekseev for his long and hard life have been able to find the limit of compromise when a situation could and must oppose the power and the other to cooperate with it and even something to negotiate. This experience is invaluable for a Russian intellectual in any mode — that the Soviet authorities that now.
As she herself admitted in the air of “Echo of Moscow”, the most important decision of her life was the signing of a letter of protest against the persecution of dissidents in 1967.
Alexeeva then had a comfortable work — she worked in the publishing house “Science”, and edited the pointers to the facsimile edition of Herzen “the Bells” and “Polar star”. At the time, and at present too, it was a dream job: she was only allowed to appear in the publishing house once a week — the rest of the time she could work from home and take care of children. However, from all this Ludmila deliberately refused.
“I wanted my kids to have was a normal life. I have two good sons, they deserved it. And I knew that if I sign this letter, may be, of course, arrested, but maybe not, but definitely be fired,” recalled Alekseev in 2012.
Her, thank God, was not arrested, but it was a few years of grinding poverty, even by the meager standards of the Soviet life of the turn of 1960-1970-ies. However, later grown-up sons never voiced her complaints about this. On the contrary, they strongly supported his mother.
In 1975, Leonid Brezhnev on behalf of the Soviet Union in the Finnish capital Helsinki has signed the Final act of the conference on security and cooperation in Europe. As recalled, the future Deputy Minister of foreign Affairs of the USSR and Russia Anatoly Adamishin, Leonid Brezhnev it was an important milestone. In conversation with the Ambassador to France Yuri Chervonenko, Brezhnev said: “If held in Helsinki, then you can die”.
But for Soviet dissidents, the document has become a useful tool to defend their positions and principles.
In 1976 it Lyudmila Alexeyeva was among the founders of the Moscow Helsinki group, the oldest at the present moment the human rights organization in our country.
However, next year, when it adopted the so-called Brezhnev Constitution, which the dissidents demanded to comply with the Alexeyeva and her family was forced to emigrate to the United States. She was able to return home only in 1993, in one of the most dramatic moments in the post-Soviet history of Russia. Then there was a long, exhausting and laborious activity for the sake of those people whose rights and liberties we have in the country is constantly neglected.
Lyudmila Mikhailovna Alexeyeva is a smart and wise woman.
In modern Russia it would like to participate in the “Strategy-31” and in an informal and relaxed atmosphere to talk with the current head of state. And because of that it violently criticized from all sides. But also wrote of Kipling:
Stay simple, conversing c kings,
Be honest, speaking to crowd c;
Be direct and firm c enemies and friends,
Let everything in its own time considered you…