Yesenin 18+. How the system works age of marks in Russia?
The high school student from Yekaterinburg failed to buy in bookshops and collections of poetry of Sergey Yesenin, Joseph Brodsky and Vladimir Mayakovsky, who fell into the category of “adults only”.
To buy the sellers required to present a passport and refused to sell them because the buyer was underage. What are the books discussed, is not specified.
After this news the Deputy of the state Duma Alexander Sholokhov (grandson of Nobel prize winner Mikhail Sholokhov) has promised that the Parliament will discuss the current practice:
I totally agree with people that say there are some reasonable criteria for a (labelling) instead of doing it automatically.
Here’s how the system works now.
Who requires you to indicate which books cannot be sold to children?
To print in the books age at which they should be read, demands the Federal law “On protection of children from information harmful to their health and development” (436-FZ).
It has been operational since 2012 and also applies to films, exhibitions and other “information products”.
What information is considered harmful to children?
According to the text, harmful to the children is the one that:
- encourages self-harm or kill themselves;
- is the desire to consume alcohol, drugs or tobacco, prostitution and begging, and so on;
- denies family values, forms of “disrespect” to the family and “promoting non-traditional sexual relations”;
- justifies violence and cruelty (except when talking about law enforcement or the protection of the state);
- contains foul language, pornography
Marked as undesirable for children products?
According to the law, the text books should be a sign indicating an age limit. There are four levels for children and adolescents (0+, 6+, 12+, 16+), as well as one for adults (18+).
By what criteria do books belong to one or another age group?
Category 0+ allow episodes of violence, if justified by genre are shown without naturalism, and in the end good triumphs over evil, and the victim of violence expressed compassion. The mention of sexual violence are prohibited.