Agreed, the presidents of Russia and the United States

Agreed, the presidents of Russia and the United States

History of the issue.

The first meeting of Russian President Boris Yeltsin and U.S. President George H. W. Bush was held on 31 Jan — 1 Feb 1992 in camp David. The parties signed a Declaration officially ended the cold war. The document proclaimed that the United States and Russia no longer regard each other as potential enemies.

January 3, 1993, during George Bush’s visit to Moscow, was signed the Treaty between Russia and USA on further reduction and limitation of strategic offensive arms (SNV-2).

On 3 and 4 April 1993 in Vancouver, Boris Yeltsin and bill Clinton signed the Declaration expressed their loyalty rate for effective Russian-American partnership. To confirm his intentions, the American President signed a package of joint economic programs and promised to give $1.6 billion to support Russian reforms.

January 15, 1994 during the visit of bill Clinton in Moscow was signed the Memorandum of intent between the two governments on cooperation in the field of export control and a 20-year contract for sale in the U.S. the Russian uraniumextracted from dismantled nuclear warheads. Also a Joint statement was adopted on the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery and the Declaration of refusal of the Russian Federation and the United States from targeting each other with strategic nuclear missiles.

4 June 2000 bill Clinton and Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a Statement on principles of strategic stability, which proclaimed the further reduction of nuclear potential of both countries in the framework of start-2 Treaty, and asserted the commitment of the heads of the two States to the ABM Treaty of 1972. Also was signed a Memorandum on establishing a joint data exchange centre early warning systems and notifications of ballistic and space rockets. The document was the first such Russian-American agreement.

24 may 2002 Vladimir Putin and George Bush signed the Moscow Declaration on new strategic relations between the Russian Federation and the United States of America, once again Reaffirming the course of the two countries to close cooperation on all global issues. On the same day was signed the Treaty on strategic offensive reductions.

22 Nov 2002 in Pushkin, the two presidents issued a joint statement on Iran. Expressing serious concern over the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, the leaders of Russia and the United States called on Iran for the unconditional cooperation in the field of disarmament. Otherwise, he threatened “serious consequences”.

15 July 2006 in the framework of the G8 summit in Strelna (Saint-Petersburg), Vladimir Putin and George Bush agreed on joint development cooperation agreement in the field of peaceful use of nuclear energy and the fight against nuclear terrorism. The document was signed by head of Rosatom Sergei Kiriyenko and Deputy Secretary of state William burns on may 6, 2008.

April 5, 2008 in Sochi the presidents of Russia and the United States signed a Declaration on strategic framework for Russian-American relations. The document recorded the agreement on the establishment of a global missile defense system, bringing together Russian, American and European systems. At the same time, the Declaration proclaimed the disagreement of Russia with the plans of NATO enlargement to the East.

April 8, 2010 during the meeting of the two presidents in Prague was signed the Treaty on the reduction and limitation of strategic offensive arms — SNV-3. The agreement provides for the reduction of nuclear warheads to 1,550, Intercontinental ballistic missiles, ballistic missile submarines and heavy bombers to 700 units.

24 Jun 2010 following the official visit of Dmitry Medvedev in the United States adopted joint statement of the Russian and American presidents concerning Russia’s accession to the world trade organization (WTO). The parties stated that the process will be completed in autumn 2010. In the end Russia became a WTO member on 22 August 2012.

17 Jun 2013 in the framework of the G8 summit in Northern Ireland held a regular meeting of the presidents of Russia and the United States. Vladimir Putin and Barack Obama agreed to expand dialogue between the Russian Premier and American Vice-President, use of the hotline for urgent messages on cybersecurity, and a new stage of negotiations on Syria.

Anna Powaga