The European Union opened against Poland new. It threatens her with the withdrawal of EU subsidies
The European Commission opened against Poland’s second investigation concerning the Polish judicial reform — this time because of the Supreme court act, which comes into effect from 3 July. Brussels believes that the ruling party undermines the independence of the judiciary, and in theory it threatens Poland with deprivation of voting rights and EU subsidies.
In December last year, the European Commission has already initiated against Poland the procedure under article 7 of the Lisbon Treaty — the step concerns the first part of judicial reform.
And the Polish opposition, and Brussels believe that the ruling in Poland in 2015 the party “law and justice” (Pis) wants to subjugate the judiciary to entrench itself in power.
The new law on the Supreme court will allow the President to arbitrarily remove or relocate the part of its judges.
“According to the law, the current judges will be able to Express the desire to have the President extended the mandate; the mandate may be extended for three years […] the Criteria by which the President will make the decision, not installed. No legal possibilities for revision of this decision”, — reads the statement of the European Commission.
With regard to the previous laws from the court’s package — they were taken last summer, the European Commission requires the repeal of several provisions, which, in her opinion, subjugate the judiciary to the ruling party and violated the principle of separation of powers.
One of these provisions gives the Minister of justice the right to appoint and dismiss presidents of courts.
Another empowers Parliament to appoint 15 out of the 25 members of the National judicial Council. This body, in turn, has the right to appoint judges. The IPR belongs to the majority in Parliament.
That meets Warsaw