Astronomers first photographed the planet in the time of her birth
MOSCOW, 2 Jun — RIA Novosti. Scientists from Europe first received photos of a newborn planet, newly formed stars in the constellation of Centaurus, in which it can be distinguished from who caused that gas and dust disk. The images were published on the website of the European southern Observatory and the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics.
“Gas and dust disks that exist in newborns stars, long considered to be the main “maternity houses” of the planets, but to date we can find only hints of their presence,” explains Miriam Keppler (Keppler Miriam) from the Institute of astronomy in Heidelberg (Germany).
Many skeptics doubt that they actually exist — it’s possible that we took some clumps of matter in the disk for the “germ” of the planets.Miriam Keppler
Today, scientists have almost no doubt that the planets begin their birth inside the flat gas-dust disk filled with small particles of dust and thick clouds of gas, and their formation ends during the series of clashes planetesimals — the “germ” of the planets with the size of Vesta or Ceres, as well as large comets and asteroids.
“In the middle” between them is a gaping theoretical void while planetary scientists have not come to a consensus about what happens after sleplena single grains of dust in a relatively small lumps the size of a centimeter. There are several different theories that were impossible until recently.
The answer to this mystery planetary scientists are trying to find in two ways — watching the newborn planetary systems using microwave telescopes, and studying the grain of dust preserved in the bowels of the comet since the birth of the Solar system.