On taste and color. When the brain creates sweet and colorful sounds

On taste and color. When the brain creates sweet and colorful sounds

MOSCOW, June 6 — RIA Novosti, Tatiana Pichugina. The recognition that speech and music are perceived multi-colored, have long considered fantasy or stable memories from childhood.

The latest techniques have shown that the brain is indeed able to simultaneously include two or more departments are responsible for different physical senses.

This condition is called synesthesia.

Know science — in the material RIA Novosti.

The letter “a” glows red, the name “Maria” tastes sweet, and the sound of the saxophone — like a scattering of colored balls: in synesthesia involve sight, hearing, taste. For example, some of the musicians from sounding of notes of different sizes and brightness.

Among the synesthetes lot of creative people. The artist Wassily Kandinsky and writer Vladimir Nabokov was cinestyle. Guess Marc Chagall — the same as in many paintings depicted people with blue and green individuals (personal synesthesia).

The scientific literature provides many examples of synesthesia, but how common is it, is unknown. According to some estimates, four percent of the human population — cinestetika, and among artists, 23 percent. Some researchers believe that every hundred — synesthet, others every two thousand.

The just described six dozen types of synesthesia. Prevails grapheme-color, when a person perceives letters or numbers in color. A lot of cinestetico see colored days of the week and music.

Like at all?

Cinestetika don’t tend to talk about their perception of the world around — they just think so at all, and very surprised, having learnt about its uniqueness. Often this occurs in youth or even in adulthood.

Congenital synesthesia accompanies man all his life.

To control it is impossible to turn off one of the physical senses or extinguish not work. Synesthesia runs automatically at the onset of the stimulus. For example, all oval items are perceived unconsciously raspberry.

Scientists say that two percent of people synesthesia launches puberty. The perception of a stimulus is accompanied by a colour-form, taste, smell, sounds, tactile sensations, is associated with a higher degree of trance, lost the boundaries of reality.

Synesthesia, including rare forms, when connected emotional perception, is acquired as a result of neurological disease, injury. For example, patients with hemorrhage in the region of the thalamus can experience sensations outside the body, a strong repulsion when reading the words printed in blue letters. The blind who use audio devices, replacement organs of perception, sometimes also develops synesthesia. Some perceive objects as certain sounds.

Among people with autism spectrum disorder often cinestetika experiencing tactile sensation without actual physical contact. For example, the child at the sound of the copper pipes sees before his eyes the brightly colored triangles and feeling to the arm. This does not allow him to sit still. Looking at something autistic can feel the touch or, on the contrary, the skin to feel someone’s opinion or music. A condition where a person feels the sound rather than hear them called “sound sense”.