And again extreme
Why almost 40% of inhabitants of the Far East want to leave the region.
Almost 40% of inhabitants of the Far East are thinking about moving to other regions, say the sociologists. And this despite the billions of dollars of investment in the development of the macro-region, of the paramount importance of which never ceases to talk of power. Why Russians do not rush to the far East, despite the distribution of free land, read the material portal iz.ru.
To take off to the South
For three years the population outflow from the far East regions fell by almost half, said on April 3 the Deputy head of the Ministry Sergey Kachaev.
According to him, in 2013, of the far Eastern Federal district (FEFD) left 33 thousand people, and in 2016 — 17 thousand
Sakhalin oblast at the end of last year showed record levels of population growth overtaking the Soviet pace. According to forecasts by the regional statistical Agency, too early to rejoice: the decline in population will resume at the end of the year.
Research Director national center for the study of public opinion (VTSIOM) Elena Mikhailova leads a seemingly positive figures: the number of inhabitants of Yakutia and Primorye, who want to change residence and move to another part of the country, fell sharply — by 12% and 9%, respectively. However, the total number of inhabitants of the far Eastern Federal district, thinking about the change of domicile, remains high at 38%.
It’s a disaster, in whatever guise fluctuations.Fedot Tempovate of the state Duma from Yakutia
According to forecasts from Rosstat, at the end of the year, the outflow of population from the Far East will be doubled to 30 thousand people. Thus the Amur region, Primorye and Khabarovsk Krai, presumably, will enter the twenty antiliderov on this indicator. Last year, according to official estimates, from the far East regions has left nearly 12.3 thousand residents.
According to realtors, in Khabarovsk, for example, about half of the housing sold by those who were going to move outside the region. The vast majority of them will not be returned.
The most popular places at the now ex — far East- Krasnodar Krai and St. Petersburg.
Kuban even talking about the population explosion, triggered by the influx of immigrants from the opposite part of the country. However, officials deny these conjectures. According to the head of the Agency for the development of human capital in the far East (ARCC) Valentin Timakov, is a myth: according to statistics, from DFO to the South of Russia is moving least of all people. Given the low population density of the Far East, the numbers are still solid.
Most want to go — in the Jewish Autonomous region.
The reason is dissatisfaction with the socio-economic conditions, says Director of VTSIOM Valery Fedorov. “In Yakutia, Magadan region and Khabarovsk region the main factor of dissatisfaction with life in the region is unfavorable climate: 36%, 33% and 31% respectively indicated this reason as the main factor of wanting to change their place of residence, — quotes the figures of the sociologist. — On Kamchatka and Chukotka, the population is most sensitive to the high cost of living (40% and 37% are thinking about moving consider this problem serious)”.
Million for bold
About the influx of people on the background of such statistics is uncertain. Although the accuracy of numbers have questions. Real can be a lot more like the number who left the macroregion (many students and young professionals moving to other regions, but leave permit) and in number of visitors — without any registration are circumvented, for example, shift workers.
In the far Eastern Federal district, which occupies 36% of Russia, has about 6 million people. According to VTSIOM, 45% of Russians are ready to move to the far East if they were offered a job with a salary from 50 to 100 thousand rubles, a 49% — from 100 thousand to Almost half of the respondents (the survey was held among 1.6 thousand people from other regions) will agree to move if they will allocate 1 million rubles lifting. In General, according to estimates of sociologists to change their place of residence at far Eastern Federal district, included in the three most attractive regions of Russia, ready every fifth Russian. And it is about three tens of millions of people. The same numbers called in the Ministry in 2015, in anticipation of the launch of the programme for the issuance “of the far East ha.”
From the moment as an opportunity to get a hectare was opened to all inhabitants of the country, it has been just over a year. According to March, to the use of the land wanted more than 113 thousand Russians. According to the Deputy of the state Duma Fedot Tumusov, “far Eastern acres,” the demand is much less marked sociologists strap for several reasons:
Life is expensive, all the measures of the government, like the same subsidies for travel, situational and temporary, attractive conditions (e.g., wages) is not, and the only thing that attract people, “far Eastern acres,” while not shooting.
The government introduced new incentives for those who are willing to work in the regions of DFO. At the end of last year, the Governor of Khabarovsk territory Vyacheslav Shport has proposed to increase the lifting for the workers who came at the invitation of the far East, from 225 thousand to 1 million rubles. The same proposal was made by the interior Ministry in the concept of migration policy in 2018-2020. The Federal government has supported the initiative, which angered the indigenous inhabitants DFO — why such assistance is not provided to them?
In the Ministry tried to reassure the unhappy, stressing that, first, not every visitor rely lifting, and secondly, he doesn’t gets his hands on: all costs are through the employer. In addition, stressed in a statement on the Agency’s website, “residents of the Far East, obviously, not hurt.” Priority for hiring local, they are in accordance with the state program on new benefits for the firstborn, subsidized mortgages and other benefits.