In 2018 in the Region will launch the first phase of the world’s largest gamma ray Observatory TAIGA
IRKUTSK, December 28. /TASS/. The first phase of the world’s largest Observatory TAIGA in search of cosmic sources accelerate particles to extremely high energies, which is in the Baikal region, will work at full capacity in 2018, said on Thursday TASS co-Director of the project, Director of the Institute of applied physics of Irkutsk state University Nikolay Budnev. The researchers plan to obtain the world’s first results in this direction next year.
“Design capacity in 2018 will be the first stage of installation we bought the equipment and its experimental possibilities will grow many times its parameters it will surpass all existing plant in the world for the study of gamma radiation of ultrahigh energies. The objective of the first phase — the search for space objects that accelerate particles to extremely high energies, and the study of the acceleration mechanisms. I hope that next year a certain number of sources we detect, and it will be done for the first time in the world,” Budnev said.
Space objects, searching for scientists accelerate particles to 10 to 15 degrees of electron volts and above — on Earth there is no plants, which could accelerate particles as well.
“Basically in space accelerated protons and nuclei, this value [tatelektromash] is denoted as PEV, so we call accelerating objects matronly,” Budnev said.
The main members of project TAIGA — Russia, including the joint Institute for nuclear research (Dubna), and Germany, involving also Italy and Romania. According to the scientist, the project are going to join Poland and the Czech Republic.
Project TAIGA entered in December 2017 roadmap for scientific cooperation between Russia and Germany. “This will facilitate financing for the German and Russian sides. This year, the Russian side has received on the project about 130 million rubles, the German is of the order of €250 thousand,” — said the scientist.