How was the first major terrorist attack in the history of modern Russia.
After 20 years, justice caught up with two members of the infamous gang of Shamil Basayev. 15 and 13 years a penal colony received respectively Ramzan Belyalov and Magomed Masaev involved in the first major post-Soviet terrorist attack — the attack on Budyonnovsk in 1995. The portal iz.ru remember one of the darkest pages of modern history of Russia.
Pioneers of Russian terrorism
A gang of Basayev began to take shape in 1991. The first structural unit “:” there were about 30 militants, United by the idea of separating the Chechen Republic from Russia. Most members of subversive groups were residents of the settlements Benoy, Vedeno, Bamut.
At the end of 1991, Basayev and his associates took part in the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh on Azerbaijan’s side. He then led a detachment of Chechen volunteers in Abkhazia in force against Georgian troops. During this time, the future terrorist number one and his team had accumulated a diverse and unique at the time of combat experience.
Since 1992, Basayev was appointed commander of the special forces battalion of the national guard of Dzhokhar Dudayev, the first President of the breakaway Chechen Republic of Ichkeria.
The first Chechen war, Basayev was the commander of the so-called Abkhazian battalion, which was the backbone of the armed forces of Dudayev. From November 1994 to March 1995, Basayev was fighting with the Federal forces on the outskirts of Grozny. After the regular combat units of the Russian Federation took the initiative and began to disarm illegal armed formations, in the spring of 1995 he and his men focused on subversive activities. Basayev is believed that only by terror you can force the Russian authorities to sit down at the negotiating table.
The Capture Of Budennovsk
On the night of 14 June, a caravan of vehicles carrying heavily armed terrorists from Chechnya freely moved in the Stavropol region. In the convoy there were three “KAMAZ” and “Lada”, repainted under the official car of the police.
The question of how the bandits managed to reach the city, passing numerous cordons and roadblocks, and subsequently was repeatedly raised. Put forward the version about total bribing soldiers and police.Fedor Gadchiroli
According to the source, initially the terrorists took over the market, then the police Department. Staff of GAI tried to resist, but well-armed criminals quickly dealt with them. Began the 15-minute battle for the Department building. Criminals are caught the police by surprise and won, the survivors of police officers and visitors they had taken hostage. After that, the bandits took hostage the representatives of the local administration, fire, visitors, and employees of banks, students, houses of children’s creativity. The column of prisoners, the terrorists were taken to a local hospital.
By the time the bandits seized the medical facility in which there were about 500 people, including staff and patients. On the way to the hospital criminals shot and killed about 100 people, trying to escape from the column.
The hospital Basayev publicly shot six men to intimidate others.