© Alexei Druzhinin/TASS
Improvements in the areas of health and education, increasing the retirement age, the assessment of the implementation of the may decrees, to identify and support talented children were a key theme of social policy that were discussed during the annual big press conference of Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Family support for the benefit of demography
In the course of communication with journalists, Putin spoke about the recent initiatives to increase the fertility rate and support the institution of the family.
- The introduction of monthly payments to young families in connection with the birth of the first child until they reach eighteen months.
“The payment will be paid to families with incomes below time and a half of the subsistence minimum of able-bodied population, — said the President. What does that mean? In 2018 this means 10523 rubles in 2019 – 10836 rubles in 2020 – 11143 of the ruble.”
- The extension of the program of the parent capital and increasing opportunities for its use. At birth in the family, subsequent children the state pays the maternity capital in the amount of RUB 453 026 It can be used for the improvement of living conditions, formation of a funded pension of the mother, social integration of children with disabilities and preschool education of the child. Putin explained that this is done in order to make as quickly as possible to go to work, without losing qualification.
- The increase in the number of regions where secured payments for the third and subsequent child.
“We have 50 regions of the Russian Federation subjects, where people get monthly payments for third and subsequent children up to three years, — Putin said. — We are increasing as a result of redistribution within the system of different standards from 50 to 60 the number of these regions.”
- Interest rate subsidies on mortgage loans. “Today it what have we got? About ten percent, and anything over six percent will be subsidized by the state, the President said. According to our estimates, the coming years will cover 500 thousand Russian families”. Norm will be introduced from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2022. The timing of the subsidy in the birth of her second child three years with the loan, third to five years.
- Program to create additional places in crèches for children from two months to three years. The aim of the initiative is that in 2018-2019 to provide one hundred percent accessibility of pre-school education. “Plans to create more than 326 thousand nursery places, too, as the goal is to support families with little income and to improve the demographic indicators”, — said Vladimir Putin.