Who are the Rohingya and what is happening to Muslims in Myanmar?
On Monday in the Chechen capital held a mass rally in support of living in Myanmar Muslim Rohingya. Who are the Rohingya people, why they are oppressed and what are the origins of the conflict in Myanmar?
On Monday in the Chechen capital held a mass rally in support of residents in the Rakhine state in Myanmar (Burma) Muslim Rohingya, which the protesters came with placards demanding to stop the “genocide of Muslims in Myanmar”.
Yesterday in Moscow, thousands of Muslims gathered for an unauthorized rally near the Embassy of Myanmar in Moscow, calling for Russian authorities to react to the situation in Myanmar.
We tried to answer a number of questions about who the Muslim Rohingya people, why they are oppressed and what are the origins of the conflict in Myanmar.
What happens to the Rohingya people in Myanmar?
This predominantly Buddhist country for many decades ruled by a military dictatorship, there is a long history of mutual distrust and tensions between different living in her ethnic and religious communities that the authorities chose to close their eyes or use strife to their advantage.
In Rakhine state in the West in addition to the indigenous Buddhist population, is also home to the Muslim ethnic Rohingya, who originally came from the historic region of Bengal, now — the territory of Bangladesh.
However, Myanmar authorities have called the Muslim Rohingya illegal immigrants and refusing to grant them citizenship.
In Rakhine state, there are about 1 million Muslim Rohingya. In border with Bangladesh cities, where flashed the recent unrest, the majority of the population are Muslims.
During the outbreak of sectarian violence in 2012 between Buddhist population of the state and are believed to be Muslim Rohingya people, more than 100 thousand Muslims were without shelter and tens of thousands of Muslim Rohingya are still in temporary camps, where they are not allowed to leave.
The reason erupted with new force konflikata was the rape and murder of a young girl from a Buddhist family.
Tens of thousands of Muslim Rohingya fleeing from Myanmar for many years, live in Bangladesh without documents.
Overseas human rights group that unites Muslims-Rohingya claim that they are victims of violence, but living in the Rakhine Buddhists claim otherwise.
When the current exacerbation?
The aggravation of the situation in Myanmar began after August 25, 2017 militants from the “Army of salvation Rohingya of Arakan” (ARS) has conducted a coordinated attack on more than 30 police posts and to the base of the Myanmar army, killing at least 12 officers of the security forces. In addition, militants accused of killing 14 civilians.
Myanmar’s leadership claims that the Islamist rebel group of the ARS associated with international terrorist organizations to obtain financial and other assistance. The members of the APC denied any link with terrorism.