US sanctions against Russia. Dossier
August 2, 2017, Donald trump signed a bill to toughen sanctions against Russia, approved by the House of representatives on July 25 and the Senate on July 27.
TASS-FILE. August 2, 2017 the White house source confirmed to TASS that the President of the United States Donald trump signed a bill to toughen sanctions against Russia, approved by the House of representatives on July 25 and the Senate on July 27.
This document enshrines the sanctions measures imposed in 2014-2016 on the basis of decrees of the President of the United States Barack Obama, and limits the ability of the President on the issue of softening or lifting of sanctions.
Currently in Lithuania there are several types of restrictive measures.
The sanctions imposed in connection with laws on the non-proliferation
Since the early 1990s, the United States has imposed sanctions against some Russian companies and organizations under the pretext of their violation of American laws on non-proliferation in respect of Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea and Syria, or international regimes to control weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missiles. The ban was extended on contractual arrangements, trade of military goods, as well as on the issuance of licenses to export goods subject to export requirements in the USA. In 1992 the first Russian companies under the effect of these sanctions was “glavkosmos” (after the state company signed a contract to sell India missiles for $400 million).
In the black list includes 14 Russian companies, among them aircraft Corporation “MiG”, “Rosoboronexport”, “Design office of instrument. academician A. G. shipunova”.
Russia has repeatedly denied allegations of assistance to Iran or any States that are suspected of developing WMD. According to Russian experts, these us unilateral restrictive measures aimed at protecting American corporations in the global arms market.
The Magnitsky Act
In 2012, the United States adopted the so-called Magnitsky act (entered into force on 14 December), which established sanctions against several Russian officials including law enforcement officers involved, according to Washington, to death in November 2009 in a Moscow investigative isolation ward “Matrosskaya Tishina” auditor of the British Fund Hermitage Capital Management Sergey Magnitsky. In addition, the document extends the sanctions on individuals “responsible for extrajudicial killings, torture and other serious human rights violations”.
In accordance with this law, persons that fall under the sanctions, were denied entry into the United States, and their accounts in us banks to be frozen.
Currently, this list of 39 names. Among them are former Deputy Minister of internal Affairs, head of the Investigative Committee of the Russian interior Ministry Aleksey Anichin, the head of the Investigative Committee of Russia Alexander Bastrykin and Deputy of the state Duma from LDPR Andrei Lugovoi and businessman Dmitry Kovtun, in the opinion of Western countries involved in the 2006 death in London of former FSB agent, Alexander Litvinenko.