The Commissioner for human rights in the Russian Federation Tatiana Moskalkova believes that the situation with illegal migration in Russia is a serious concern, as it affects social tension in the society and at the same time adversely affects the rights of the migrants themselves. This is stated in the annual report of the Commissioner for human rights that publishes “the Russian newspaper”.
“Serious tension creates a so-called illegal labour migration. Despite the important work undertaken legislative and law enforcement by public authorities, including the immigration departments of the MIA of Russia, according to expert estimates, in the Russian Federation is 8 to 10 million illegal immigrants that can not create, on the one hand, social unrest among the Russian population, and violations of the rights of migrants”, – the document says.
In addition, Moskalkova concerned that “the Russian Federation is continuously more than 90 days are 3.4 million people who did not register the documents granting them the right to stay in our country, of which 81.4% of citizens of States – participants of the CIS”.
The Ombudsman also notes that in 2016 the situation in a number of centers of temporary detention of foreign citizens, the Ministry of internal Affairs of Russia (CSIG) remained poor.
Another problem that draws the attention Moskalkova, is the fate of former citizens of the USSR, serving a sentence in the territory of the Russian Federation for criminal offences. “In their appeals, the applicants report that prior to the condemnation they lived in the Russian Federation for a long time, lost in the countries of their former residence, housing, employment, social and family ties. In addition, the authorities of these countries do not confirm the identity of these individuals to the appropriate citizenship or their right to permanent residence, making them impossible expulsion, deportation or readmission”, – the report of the Ombudsman.
“Not having a legitimate reason for legalization on the territory of the Russian Federation, these persons are deprived of fundamental human rights, in particular labour, social security and medical care,” says Moskalkova. In her words, “existing Federal legislation does not regulate legal relations in the field”.