Sights from them not the system
As it became known “Kommersant”, the military experts in Syria, exploring the weapons of killed terrorists, found that the snipers were banned in Russia groups “Islamic state” and “Dzhebhat EN-Nusra” used night vision scopes with electronics, produced at Russian enterprises. Victims of sniper attacks have become lost in the days of Colonel Alexei buchelnikov officer was fatally wounded on the ground, training Syrian soldiers conduct mortar fire in the dark, and at least three Russian servicemen.
According to “Kommersant”, to explore the arming of militants, the Russian military experts and intelligence personnel began with the first days of the participation of the armed forces in the Syrian conflict. This was done in order to figure out how the weapons from dozens of countries is in the hands of terrorists. While some attention was paid to sniper rifles. The fact that the sniper fire was the cause of death of at least four involved in the fighting the Russians. It is believed that the sniper in November 2015 killed marine Alexander Pozynich departed by helicopter for search and evacuation of bodies of the downed Russian pilot, Hero of Russia Oleg Peshkov.
In March last year, again, the sniper wounded a fire spotter Alexander Prokhorenko, who was surrounded by the bandits caused the fire on himself and died, having received posthumously the title of hero. A bullet wound in the neck in February this year ended the life of a contractor Ivan Slyshkina. Finally, just a few days ago from a sniper shot dead a Russian military Advisor to the Syrian army, Lieutenant Colonel Alexei buchelnikov.
Training officer as telling his colleagues, worked on the front and the rear of the troops of Bashar al-Assad, on the artillery ground. He trained fighters of the Syrian assault troops to conduct night artillery preparation before the attack is to direct the mortars and adjusted their fire. The gunman, believed to be colleagues of the deceased, was shot from a distance of several hundred meters in nearly total darkness in such conditions he managed to identify the Russian instructor among the Syrians and hit his only shot.
Experts have found that militants use a variety of sniper rifles, including the armament of armies of the NATO countries. For example, such as the American Remington MSR or the Austrian Steyr Mannlicher SSG 08. The experts say that along with them should be used and the most advanced scopes, including night vision (NVD).
As told “Kommersant” one of the military technicians, night vision devices are divided into generations from first to third. As modernization and improved technical characteristics of the instrument — gain light, photocathode sensitivity and resolution. PNV early generations, for example, could only work in a “quarter moon in the sky”, the second generation has already been enough of the light of stars, and the last specimens had the opportunity to detect a human figure at a distance of 400 m even stormy night.
Quality of sight is important for combat operations at night. The most modern instruments of the third generation, according to the same expert, made in the USA and Russia.
Other countries can’t afford their production, because it is expensive and dangerous — in the design of the sights used are highly toxic chemical compounds arsenic and gallium. In the United States, the export of night vision of third generation outside the country is strictly prohibited.
To get them army or special forces of friendly countries, and after lengthy approvals and the signing of the so-called end-user certificate, which the buyer warrants that the instrument under any circumstances will not fall into the hands of third parties. In turn, for civil and commercial turnover permitted with deliberately understated performance.
In Russia lately operates similar legislation, however, dismantling the weapons to the militants, they found in the PNV is the Russian electronics. “We found so-called electron-optical converters (EOC), produced at Russian enterprises”, — said the interlocutor of Kommersant. How they got into the combat zone, is unknown. According to official data, criminal cases about the loss of Russian servicemen of military property (item 348 UK the Russian Federation) in the form of sights have not been initiated.
According to interlocutors of “Kommersant”, in fact finds in Syria the criminal case has not yet opened — in the framework of the preliminary investigation carried out operational activities.
According to one version, the TUBE could get into Syria through a third country in which the NVD or components for them from Russia officially delivered.
Industry representatives say they do not know how the Russian components could be in Syria. So, the CEO of one of the few Russian producers of EOP the third generation, JSC “Cathode”, Vladimir Loktionov explained: “the Exports of all dual-use goods is strictly controlled by state authorities of the Russian Federation and countries procuring this equipment.” In the group of companies “Schwabe”, which produces including night sights, Kommersant also said that it has no information about the use of their products by terrorists. “”The Schwab” is an integrator of optical industry in Russia and supplies its products to foreign customers exclusively through official export channels. The fact of the presence of Islamic state terrorists, the sniper’s sights “Schwabe” unknown to us”, — said “Kommersant” in the press service of the holding.
Sergey Rybkin; Konstantin Voronov, Novosibirsk