The verb is shifted from the syntax of the podium

The verb is shifted from the syntax of the podium

The psycholinguists have proved that the repetition of any individual parts of speech enhances the effect of syntactic priming.

Until recently it was believed that have this property of verbs. The study is published in the Journal of Memory and Language.

Effect of priming — the influence of previous information on the perception of subsequent, usually manifesting in people in an unconscious reproduction of the previous visual and auditory experience.

It is fixed in the simple things, such as unconscious gestures, the repetition of inflections, or postures of other people, and in a more complex behavioral models. This is because the human brain has a tendency to conserve resources, repeating the familiar patterns.

People repeat syntactic structures that they have recently heard or delivered, in psycholinguistics is called syntactic priming effect. It was first demonstrated in the 1980-ies. It has been shown, for example, that after reading sentences with a certain syntactic structure, the person will perceive and process the following sentence with similar structure much faster and with greater probability of repeat syntactic structure only heard sentences in his speech.

For example, someone describes a situation in which the girl passed the ball to the boy. This event can be described more than one way. Suppose you said “the girl gave the boy the ball.” Now you need to describe to another person the event in which the artist shows an easel of the child. It is proven that you are likely to say, “the artist showed the child easel”, not “the artist showed the easel to the child.”

Initially it was assumed that the effect of syntactic priming is Autonomous and not susceptible to external influences. Then, in the late 90-ies began to appear studies to demonstrate the “lexically reinforced” syntactic priming. In particular, it was shown that if the statement, recently heard by the man, contains one verb, the likelihood of re-use the same syntax in the sentence with the same verb increases significantly.

Christoph Schepers (Christoph Scheepers) and Raffray Claudine (Claudine Raffray) from the University of Glasgow in collaboration with Andrew Maccabim from the HSE has shown that not only verbs affect the size of the syntactic priming effect.

In the experiment, volunteers were asked to read short texts and then compose a few sentences from a list of randomly chosen words. Varying syntactic structures and sets of parts of speech in the original texts, the researchers found that the repetition of any separate part of speech in the sentence enhances the effect of syntactic priming. The more words are repeated, the more noticeable the effect.

Classic studies of priming often focused on the basic elements of perception, such as processing of similar visual stimuli. For example, how the subject will be responsive to the drawing of the coin, seeing to this picture of pizza.

Elizaveta Vlasova