Scientists have figured out how to look women 13 thousand years ago
MOSCOW, April 17 — RIA Novosti. Paleontologists reconstructed image of the face of a woman who lived in Thailand for 13 thousand years ago, and found no significant differences in her appearance from the modern women of South-East Asia, said in an article published in the journal Antiquity.
“We have not used methods of facial reconstruction. They are very popular, but back in 2002, our colleagues showed that this technique is not scientifically correct. In addition, all the Museum’s reconstruction of individuals are usually fulfilled in a certain style, not based on real data, and doghavingsex ideas about the “wild people,” says Susan Hayes (Susan Hayes) from the University of Wollongong (Australia), quoted in the publication LiveScience.
This is the face of a woman who died 13,600 years ago https://t.co/2HLiGr2rwh Late Pleistocene women are hot.
— Richard Tubbs (@pickletoon) 11 APR 2017
Since the advent of paleontology as a science in the mid 19th century, scientists and ordinary people often began to think about how it looked different extinct ancient animals, and how beautiful or ugly were the rulers of the ancient world, antiquity and the middle ages, and their subjects and victims.
Initially attempts to restore their appearance the bones of the skull and body were very inaccurate and relied on the often false ideas about how looked like animals and people in ancient times. Only in the mid-20th century, thanks to the work of the Soviet anthropologist Mikhail Gerasimov and a number of domestic and foreign scientists appeared quite accurate and scientific method of restoring the appearance of the face.
This technique works in the following way — first, scientists made a copy of the skull, analyze it form and then cover it with clay and other soft materials according to the laws derived Gerasimov and his students, simulating how was the muscles in life. Thanks to this methodology we were able to learn how to look first hominids, “meet” with Andrew Bogolyubsky, Ivan the Terrible, Richard III and a number of other historical figures.
Hayes and her colleagues have developed a fundamentally different method of facial reconstruction that is not based on such ideas about the location of the muscles, and on the basis of a package of statistics about the relative thickness of the facial muscles and bones of the skull in different locations.
Analyzing these ratios for 720 women from 25 different countries, the team of Hayes used these calculations to reconstruct the shape of a woman, who lived about 13 thousand years ago in a cave There-laud in the North-West of Thailand. Today, some scientists believe that the people of that era had a very rough facial features, not like the appearance of any racial or ethnic group of today. Hayes and her colleagues checked whether this is so.
As it turned out, it wasn’t a woman out There who laud had almost “modern” face, similar to the structure of the faces of the residents of Japan and countries of South-East Asia. On the other hand, the size of her nose and mouth and some other facial features were closer in size or proportions to the inhabitants of Africa, and her jaw was a bit stronger and more durable than modern humans, that have in common a resident There-Lod ancient people. This indicates that human anatomy still has significantly changed over the last 13-15 thousands of years.
Interestingly, similar results scientists have obtained like using the “common” database, which includes information on the device for persons of all races, and with “European” set of data. This, as noted by Hayes and her colleagues, suggests that their technique of reconstruction of a person is protected from “interference” and the tendency to “Europeanization”, as the old technique of reconstruction.