Artificial intelligence will write the bills


Getty Images/KTSDESIGN

The government is discussing ways to improve work with documents. One solution could be the transfer of interdepartmental document circulation on the blockchain or any other secure system for remote information exchange, and use machine learning technology. This is a subclass of artificial intelligence that is able to learn based on specific parameters. The use of both fashionable technologies discusses the working group “smart economy” at the economic development Ministry. “Izvestia” managed to get acquainted with its working plan.

The Ministry Maxim Oreshkin seriously working on a plan to increase growth rates above the global average until 2025. The Ministry has set up 10 working groups, one of them is “smart Economics”. Its objective is the digital reform of the government, where there is still any exchange of information takes place on paper, which slows the promotion of any initiative. In this corporate technology management and information exchange are far ahead.

In particular, the working group is discussing the possibility of preparation of projects of normative-legal acts, amending them and store them in special registers on the basis of the blockchain (the technology of distributed data storage, providing data integrity and reliable protection), says the task group. Now each Ministry has its own electronic database, and, for example, officials of the energy through it to learn about the initiatives of the Ministry of Finance.

Can also be created by a software algorithm to work with documents, including using at least fashionable machine learning technology.

As have explained “news” the Director of the Center for technology governance, Institute of applied economic research, Ranepa Vladimir Yuzhakov, the use of the civil service machine learning may imply that the first versions of the bills will be to develop a special machine.

— Specify the parameters of the law, and then technique in native mode preparing his draft. Then this draft is already starting to work specialists, — said Vladimir Yuzhakov.

To use the mechanisms of the blockchain and machine learning in the public administration and the Russian economy will be developed special rules according to the materials of the working group. Also there are special rules for the placement of, access to and use of public data, including open.

— At the meeting of the working group on the digital economy the sum needed for the establishment of a government archive was not discussed. The Ministry of Finance at the meeting of the remarks are not expressed, explained one of the participants of the working group.

The government also wants to optimize the timing and procedures for the preparation of normative legal acts and to establish a system of traceability of their history: from development to adoption. Civil servants will need to interact strictly in the paperless form, is emphasized in the task.

According to Vladimir Yuzhakova, the use of the blockchain and machine learning in the civil service appropriate.

— The creation of such systems in the civil service makes sense. It is hoped that this will improve the quality of legislation, will allow more reliable to implement the quality requirements of the laws. This process must be able to engage third parties, or at least those whom the law concerns directly, says Vladimir Yuzhakov. — There are General rules of relations in the civil service, they are used regardless of the technology: paper or digital. There is a special model rules of interagency cooperation of the government, there are lots of other rules. They were and remain. Digital technology will change the nature of use of the data, — said Vladimir Yuzhakov.

Director of the Institute of strategic analysis FBK Igor Nikolaev believes that the new technologies applicable in the civil service, but the problem of quality of government documents will remain.

— I think it is applicable in the civil service. But the problem of preparation of normative legal acts in this. The problem is their content. And this digital technology is not solved. The quality of the documents directly depends on the employees, — says Igor Nikolaev.

Order of the Ministry of communications and Ministry of economic development to review the possibility of applying blockchain technology in the public administration and the economy was given by Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev. According to him, the blockchain technology can contribute to getting rid of the excessive bureaucratization of business.

The press service of the Ministry of economic development “news” confirmed that the Agency is considering possible changes in the rulemaking.

– In terms of the revision and optimization of the procedure of development, adoption and application of normative legal acts – the Ministry of economic development is engaged in the study of this order, including with the participation of the Ministry of justice of the Russian Federation. It is anticipated that it will be reflected in the plan 2017-2025 years, where there would be a set of actions to implement these changes, – have informed in a press-Department service.