The last of the sixties: dead poet Yevgeny Yevtushenko
MOSCOW, April 1. /TASS/. Russian poet Yevgeny Yevtushenko died on Saturday in the 85th year of life in the United States.
Yevtushenko until the last day continued to create, even while in the hospital, dictated the last chapters of the book to his wife, Maria Novikova.
In his plans, which he previously shared with TASS, was also writing a book about the Cuban revolution and its young leader Fidel Castro.
Poet and novelist, screenwriter and Director, is the author of the lines “a Poet in Russia is more than a poet” Evgeniy Evtushenko was born on 18 July 1933 at station Zima in the Irkutsk region. At the same time, the poet himself emphasized that in his documents was a mistake, and he was born in 1932.
Grew up in Moscow, the poems began to print in 1949. He studied at the Literary Institute. Bitter, but was expelled for support of the novel by Vladimir Dudintsev “Not by bread alone”. Later, the poet was nevertheless restored by the University and became a graduate in 2001.
Thaw and creativity
In 1952, Yevtushenko was admitted to the ranks of the Union of writers of the USSR and became the youngest author.
Along with the poets of the sixties — Bella Akhmadulina, Andrei Voznesensky, Robert Rozhdestvensky, became the idol of the Soviet intelligentsia of the period “thaw” gathering of the crowd at the poetry reading at the Polytechnical Museum. Poetry of the thaw later began to be called pop.
His poetry was characterized by intense production of complex moral and historical issues (the poem “the Heirs of Stalin”, “Babi Yar”).
A special place Yevtushenko devoted to exposing Stalin’s personality cult, he was made Director of the film “Stalin’s Funeral”.
The poet openly defended the writers Alexander Solzhenitsyn, Joseph Brodsky, Boris Pasternak. In his verses sounded a protest against the Soviet invasion of Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Afghanistan. In 80-e years, Yevtushenko has been encouraged by the Restructuring, but later gave up on it.
Poems loved by generations
His poems are included in famous collections “Shosse Entuziastov” (1956), “Intimate lyrics” (1973), “Citizens, listen to me” (1989). Peru belongs to the Yevtushenko poem “Pushkin pass” (1966), the novel “Berry places”, “don’t die before death.”
Millions know him as the lines of the poem “With me here, what’s going on…” dedicated to the poetess Bella Akhmadulina, where Yevtushenko has been married for three years, from 1955 to 1958, and after they shared many years of friendship. The song on the verses sounds in the film “Irony of fate or With light steam!”, and in the film “Office romance” is familiar to many songs based on poems by Yevtushenko “We are talking in the Packed trams”.
The poet also known to viewers the role in the film “Rise”, where he played the inventor Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. Yevtushenko wrote the screenplay for the film “I am Cuba” by Mikhail Kalatozov.
A special new language
The hallmark of the poetry of Yevtushenko is the author of plenty of tumors. Among them often there are occasionalisms — words that are generated according to the rules of Russian word formation “on the occasion” and out of context do not live. These are, for example, “popravimo” (“the Heirs of Stalin”. 1962), “prostine”, (“Thirteen,” 1993-1996). Often in his poems, one could find some education with console — floor, “paludes”, “polutan”, “promegranate”. And the most popular method was the addition of words in different forms: “Vasilkovsky”, “fotopic”, “vasilopita”, “Goluboy”, “technomastery”, “zavarushki”, “LeaderTask”. For the love of the tumors Evtushenko sometimes compared with Mayakovsky.
The most stylish
Admirers Yevtushenko know his unique style in clothing — a bright, catchy, incredibly recognizable. Yevtushenko was a poet who could make a crowd gather on their evening thousands of fans, keeping the attention of four hours in a row, as it was at its creative evening in 2016 in “Luzhniki”.
In 1991, Yevtushenko signed a contract with the American University in Tulsa (Oklahoma). He moved with his family to the United States, where he lived until recently, and taught history of cinema.
Peredelkino and controversial series
In the Moscow suburb of Peredelkino in 2010 Yevtushenko opened a Museum gallery, in conjunction with this event for his birthday. It presents a personal collection of paintings donated to the poet by famous artists — Marc Chagall, Pablo Picasso and others.
In 2016, on the screens out the series based on the novel of Vasily Aksenova “Mysterious passion”, where the audience met with the poet Ian Tushino, which is easy to guess the image of the sixties Yevtushenko.
In his interview with “KP” the poet shared his impressions and appreciatively took the first part of the movie, however, sharply criticized the series, where he attributed the signatures on the expulsion of Pasternak. “I’m the only one alive out of this galaxy, of which no one can stand up for me, but they all knew it, everybody knows and you can ask anyone about it. Even my enemies that I never was not attributed” — said Yevtushenko.
The poetry of Yevtushenko translated into more than 70 languages. He has received numerous regalia and awards, is an honorary member of the American Academy of arts, member of the European Academy of arts and Sciences.
Yevtushenko was four times married, he has five sons.
In recent time, the poet was actively preparing to celebrate the anniversary, in the near future was three grandiose concert in Moscow and culminates in the Kremlin. He said in the broadcast of the teleconference Moscow-Tulsa, arranged by TASS, that will read funny. “I will read a fun — said Yevtushenko. — I love, I want to leave happy.”