© RIA Novosti. Alexander Liskin
Ministarstvo of transport of the Russian Federation carries out extensive work on the development of transport infrastructure of the Arctic: the reconstruction of airports and highways, development of the Northern sea route and port infrastructure, is planned the construction of Railways and the creation of a single protected information and telecommunication system, said RIA Novosti in the Ministry of transport.
On the eve of the International Arctic forum “the Arctic — territory of dialogue” which will be held on March 29-30, the Ministry of transport of the Russian Federation told RIA Novosti, the development of transport in the region and what projects will be implemented in the short term.
“Development of the Arctic zone today is one of the key tasks of government, and largely it depended on the success of the modernization and development of transport system of the Arctic region”, — said the Ministry of transport of the Russian Federation.
Development strategy of the Arctic and ensuring national security until 2020, the task of development of transport infrastructure in the region to provide leadership of the Russian Federation in transport use in the Arctic.
“Through the territory of the Arctic are sea, air and land transport routes, the development of which will give an additional impetus for the development of the resources of the Northern territories, will create conditions for transit traffic along the Northern sea route, and will also contribute to improving the living conditions of living in the Arctic population”, — said in the Ministry of transport.
The Ministry, said his representative is working hard on the development of Arctic transport infrastructure in the framework of state programs, including attracting private investment.
Only in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation is 73 airport. “Current editions of Federal target programs for the reconstruction of 8 of them: Amderm, Murmansk, Arkhangelsk (Talagi), Naryan-Mar, Dikson, Pevek, Tiksi, chokurdakh. However, in connection with reduction of budgetary financing in the short term it is planned the reconstruction of the airport and chokurdakh, Tiksi”, — reported in the Ministry of transport.
Furthermore, for the preservation and development of airport infrastructure, remote and Northern areas on the basis of unprofitable airports of regional and local importance the government established a Federal state enterprise, subsidized from the Federal budget.
“This measure will allow to do more effective work on the development of aviation in the Arctic”, — said the Agency interlocutor.
For the development of railway infrastructure in the Arctic, a project of construction of a starting complex of Tommot-Yakutsk, aimed at ensuring uninterrupted year-round delivery of cargo in remote areas of the far North.
It is extremely important for the development of transport in the Arctic, the Ministry of transport of the Russian Federation calls the creation of a train the Northern latitudinal, which provides for the connection of the Northern and Sverdlovsk Railways, reduction of transport communications from the deposits in the Northern areas of Western Siberia to the ports of the Baltic basin.
Only on the territory of the Arctic zone are the sections of Federal motorways with a total length of 729,5 kilometers. “Now, basically, the systematic repair and restoration work on these roads,” — said in the Ministry of transport.
In particular, on the highway R-21 “Kola” the reconstruction of the entrance to Murmansk with the length of over 15 kilometers. The project implementation allowed to eliminate the infrastructural limitations of passenger and freight traffic, to improve road safety by removing through traffic outside the street-road network in Murmansk.
Reconstruction on a stretch of 13 kilometers on the highway M-8 “Kholmogory”. The plot is part of such international TRANS-European routes like the Northern sea route and the international Eurasian transport corridor “North – South”. This year it is also planned reconstruction of the bridge over the canal knyazhya Guba hydroelectric power plant on the highway R-21 “Kola” to increase throughput.
The Northern sea route
The first step in the new history of the state on the organization of navigation in the Northern sea route (NSR) is the publication of corresponding normative legal acts, told in the Ministry of transport. Approved navigation regulations and application of tariffs for icebreaking pilotage of vessels, and also defined the amount of payment for it. 2017 entered into force code for ships of Arctic navigation (Polar code), adopted by the International Maritime organization.
“Thus, the existing regulatory framework in relation to the Northern sea route provides the safety of navigation, protection of the marine environment from pollution, and the protection of national interests of the Russian Federation”, — stated in the Ministry of transport.
The main direction of development of the SMP is to ensure the export of mineral raw materials and is directly dependent on the implementation of investment projects related to extraction of mineral resources. It Varandey, Yamal LNG, Dixon, New Port, Dudinka, Norilsk. A total of 15 active and prospective projects, 11 of which are associated with the development of oil and gas, 4 – ore and coal.
“Transit in the short and medium term will be an added bonus and its role in NSR traffic will be insignificant”, — consider in the Ministry. In the waters of the Northern sea route has eight ice-breakers, four of them atomic (“50 years of Victory”, “Yamal”, “Taimyr”, “Vaigach”), four diesel-electric (“Admiral Makarov”, “Krasin”, “Kapitan Khlebnikov” and “Captain dranitsin”).
Main projects development of port infrastructure in the Arctic basin associated with oil and gas development of the Yamal Peninsula.
“These are projects on the construction of the Sabetta seaport and the terminal for transshipment of oil from the Novoportovskoye field and complex development of Murmansk transport hub” — say in the Ministry of transport.
These projects, said the Ministry, now are points of growth for the Arctic regions.
Planned capacity increase of the ports of the Arctic basin by 2020 will be about 40 million tons. This happens due to projects already underway in the ports of Sabetta, Murmansk.
A single system
The Ministry of transport formed a single concept of protected information and telecommunication system of the transport complex of the Arctic zone. This is the most important work to date. Reliable information and navigation environment is the basis for the safe and efficient operation of the transport complex of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation.
The key objectives of the project, explained in the Ministry of transport, in particular, is to ensure national sovereignty of the Russian Federation in the control and security of domestic and international transport in the Arctic zone of Russia as well as the conditions of realization of the interests of the throughput capacity of the Northern sea route for international trade.
Work on creation of the system will be coordinated with the program of modernization by 2020-2025 years of infrastructure of key ports and traffic management systems along the Northern sea route, a system of air traffic management in the Arctic airports and the construction of new Railways and roads.
All together, sums up the Ministry of transport, will allow to solve the problem of creating a reliable and sustainable departmental communication environment in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, without which it is impossible to imagine a safe and efficient transportation services.