Center for strategic research (CSR) offers to complicate the procedure of adoption by the state Duma of new laws in the conditions when the competition of political parties in Parliament impossible. The measures are provided in the CSR report “Statistical analysis of Federal legislation,” prepared at his request by experts of the company “Garant”.
The authors of the study, published on Friday, noted that the amount of Parliament is growing from year to year, and it’s mainly about the amendments to the existing laws, which makes unstable the Russian legislation.
“Most of the existing code are changed more often than once a year. Moreover, the number of codes – the Tax code, Code on administrative offences, the Land, Forest and Criminal procedure codes, the stability period does not exceed one month” – experts say.
To deal with the instability of the regulation, in their view, using the moratorium on changing laws. But it is fraught with the risk of maintaining poor quality, incorrect norms that are detrimental to citizens and businesses. “Another way is associated with the development of mechanisms that would filter out low-quality bills. Examples of such mechanisms – the consent of the Supreme court on a bill or a mandatory assessment of the presidential Council of the Russian Federation on codification” the study says.
However, the most effective way, according to the authors of the document, is the development of a parliamentary debate. “To develop, in Parliament there should be competition of parties and factions. Without competition, the incentive for a thorough discussion of bills will not be”, — assured the authors of the report.
“If the parliamentary competition is impossible to impose a ban on rapid consideration of bills out of the rules and also to attach great weight to the conclusions of the legal Department of the state Duma, where the competent specialists”, — the document says.
But if amendments are necessary – they need to provide the transitional periods, experts say. “For example, such provisions could specify that the new rules do not apply to contracts or other relations that arose before the change of law, which will continue to operate the old norms,” the report said.