Joseph Stalin was nominated twice for the Nobel prize in 1945 and 1948 for his efforts to end world war II. This follows from declassified Nobel Committee’s list of individuals who were nominated for the Nobel prize, but didn’t get it. About it reports a site “Russian newspaper”.
According to procedure, the names of nominees are kept in the archives classified as “top secret” for 50 years. Thus, the last reliable information about who was not given the prize available for 1961.
The British historian, who proposed the candidacy of Stalin, called his name, including such political figures like Roosevelt and Churchill. In 1953, the British Prime Minister was awarded the Nobel prize for literature for a work of historical memoirs.
A candidate for the Nobel prize were Mahatma Gandhi. He was nominated shortly before his murder in 1948. To present the award posthumously prohibited by the rules of the Nobel Committee. So in 1948 it was decided to refuse its delivery.
Only one known case of refusal of the Nobel peace prize on principle. In 1973, the Vietnamese politician Le Duc tho, awarded jointly with U.S. Secretary of state Henry Kissinger for the completion of the Paris negotiations about ending the war in Vietnam, said that could not accept her in connection with the current situation in the country.
Russians Nobel peace prize was awarded in 1975 Andrey Sakharov, and in 1990 Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev.
According to the statutes of the Nobel Foundation, can nominate candidates, not only the members of the Committee and representatives of parliaments and governments of various countries, members of the International court of arbitration in the Hague, University professors in the field of politics, law, history and philosophy, and also held the award.