In China, the birth rate rose to the highest since 2000 indicators. On Monday, January 23, Reuters reports, citing a government official.
In 2016 in China came to light 17.6 million children, while in 2011-2015 by 1.4 million people each year smaller.
Positive dynamics is explained by changes in legislation introduced in 2015, according to which Chinese families from 1 January 2016 were allowed to have more than one child.
“While the number of women of childbearing age has decreased by five million, the number of births increased significantly, thereby demonstrating that the change of policy in the field of family planning was extremely timely and effective,” said one of the leaders of the National Commission for health and family planning of China, Jan Wenjuan.
According to him, until 2020, the projected annual reduction in the number of women of childbearing age by about five million people, but China hopes to maintain the birth rate at the level of 17-20 million babies a year. Thus, it is planned by the end of the second decade of the 21st century to increase the population in the country to 1.42 billion people (for comparison, by the end of December 2015, the figure was 1.37 billion).
To achieve this goal is provided, in particular, to increase the number of nurses and number of hospital beds in maternity wards.
A year ago it was reported that Chinese authorities, at least until 2045 will retain a limit on the number of children in the family. Deputy Director of the National Commission on health and family planning of China Wang, Payan said then that population policies may be revised, “when some time will pass and we will see a demographic and socio-economic changes”.
“The one-child policy” was launched by the Chinese leadership in the 1970s, her aim was to limit population growth. Currently, however, Chinese authorities are concerned about the reduction in the number of able-bodied citizens, and the inability to contain an aging population.